The Role of Labeling and Bias in the Portrayals of Acts of “Terrorism”: Media Representations of Muslims vs. Non-Muslims

Article


West, K. and Lloyd, J. 2017. The Role of Labeling and Bias in the Portrayals of Acts of “Terrorism”: Media Representations of Muslims vs. Non-Muslims. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs. 37 (2), pp. 211-222. https://doi.org/10.1080/13602004.2017.1345103
AuthorsWest, K. and Lloyd, J.
Abstract

Several high-profile negative events involving Muslim perpetrators have recently been covered by the media. We investigated whether the same negative actions are more likely to be labeled “terrorism” when they are committed by Muslims than when they are committed by White non-Muslims. In Experiment I (n = 60), using a real article about a Muslim perpetrator and a modified version about a non-Muslim perpetrator, we found that participants were more likely to identify a crime as terrorism when it was perpetrated by a Muslim. The label “terrorism” also mediated the effect of Muslim identity on negative judgments of the behavior. In Experiment II (n = 60), we replicated the results of Experiment I and clarified that the effects persisted when we used a real article about a non-Muslim perpetrator and a modified version about a Muslim perpetrator. We discuss implications for cross-group communication and representations of Muslims in the media.

KeywordsDiscrimination; Identity; Intergroup Perception; Stereotypes; Violence
Journal Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs
Journal citation37 (2), pp. 211-222
ISSN1360-2004
Year2017
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/13602004.2017.1345103
Publication dates
Online09 Jul 2017
Publication process dates
Accepted27 May 2017
Deposited07 Feb 2022
Copyright holder© 2017 Taylor & Francis
Additional information

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs on 09 Jul 2017, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/13602004.2017.1345103.

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