Recent advances in nature-inspired solutions for ground engineering (NiSE)

Article


Assadi Langroudi, A., O’Kelly, B. C., Barreto, D., Cotecchia, F., Dicks, H., Ekinci, A., Garcia, F. E. T., Harbottle, M., Tagarelli, V., Jefferson, I., Maghoul, P., Masoero, E., Mountassir, G. E., Muhunthan, B., Geng, X., Ghadr, S., Mirzababaei, M., Mitrani, H. and van Paassen, L. 2022. Recent advances in nature-inspired solutions for ground engineering (NiSE). International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1007s40891-021-00349-9
AuthorsAssadi Langroudi, A., O’Kelly, B. C., Barreto, D., Cotecchia, F., Dicks, H., Ekinci, A., Garcia, F. E. T., Harbottle, M., Tagarelli, V., Jefferson, I., Maghoul, P., Masoero, E., Mountassir, G. E., Muhunthan, B., Geng, X., Ghadr, S., Mirzababaei, M., Mitrani, H. and van Paassen, L.
Abstract

The ground is a natural grand system; it is composed of myriad constituents that aggregate to form several geologic and biogenic systems. These systems operate independently and interplay harmoniously via important networked structures over multiple spatial and temporal scales. This paper presents arguments and derivations couched by the authors, to first give a better understanding of these intertwined networked structures, and then to give an insight of why and how these can be imitated to develop a new generation of nature-symbiotic ground engineering techniques. The paper draws on numerous recent advances made by the authors, and others, in imitating forms (e.g., synthetic fibres that imitate plant roots), materials (e.g., living composite materials, or living soil that imitate fungi and microbes), generative processes (e.g., managed decomposition of construction rubble to mimic weathering of aragonites to calcites), and functions (e.g., recreating the self-healing, self-producing, and self-forming capacity of natural systems). Advances are reported in three categories of Materials, Models, and Methods (3Ms). A novel value-based appraisal tool is also presented, providing a means to vet the effectiveness of 3Ms as standalone units or in combinations.

JournalInternational Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering
ISSN2199-9279
2199-9260
Year2022
PublisherSpringer
Accepted author manuscript
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Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007s40891-021-00349-9
Publication process dates
Accepted05 Dec 2021
Deposited21 Jun 2022
FunderNational Research Foundation (NRF) of South Africa
The Royal Society UK
Copyright holder© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer
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This version of the article has been accepted for publication, after peer review (when applicable) and is subject to Springer Nature’s AM terms of use, but is not the Version of Record and does not reflect post-acceptance improvements, or any corrections. The Version of Record is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/[insert DOI] (In Press)

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