Incorporation of recent waking-life experiences in dreams correlates with frontal theta activity in REM sleep

Article


Eichenlaub, Jean-Baptiste, van Rijn, Elaine, Gaskell, M Gareth, Lewis, Penelope A, Maby, Emmanuel, Malinowski, J., Walker, Matthew P, Boy, Frederic and Blagrove, Mark 2018. Incorporation of recent waking-life experiences in dreams correlates with frontal theta activity in REM sleep. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 13 (6), pp. 637-647.
AuthorsEichenlaub, Jean-Baptiste, van Rijn, Elaine, Gaskell, M Gareth, Lewis, Penelope A, Maby, Emmanuel, Malinowski, J., Walker, Matthew P, Boy, Frederic and Blagrove, Mark
Abstract

Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and its main oscillatory feature, frontal theta, have been related to the processing of recent emotional memories. As memories constitute much of the source material for our dreams, we explored the link between REM frontal theta and the memory sources of dreaming, so as to elucidate the brain activities behind the formation of dream content. Twenty participants were woken for dream reports in REM and slow wave sleep (SWS) while monitored using electroencephalography. Eighteen participants reported at least one REM dream and 14 at least one SWS dream, and they, and independent judges, subsequently compared their dream reports with log records of their previous daily experiences. The number of references to recent waking-life experiences in REM dreams was positively correlated with frontal theta activity in the REM sleep period. No such correlation was observed for older memories, nor for SWS dreams. The emotional intensity of recent waking-life experiences incorporated into dreams was higher than the emotional intensity of experiences that were not incorporated. These results suggest that the formation of wakefulness-related dream content is associated with REM theta activity, and accords with theories that dreaming reflects emotional memory processing taking place in REM sleep.

JournalSocial Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Journal citation13 (6), pp. 637-647
ISSN1749-5016
Year2018
PublisherOxford University Press
Publisher's version
License
Supplemental file
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1093/scan/nsy041
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsy041
Publication dates
Online04 Jun 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited02 Aug 2018
Accepted29 May 2018
Accepted29 May 2018
FunderEconomic and Social Research Council
Economic and Social Research Council
Copyright information© 2018 The authors
LicenseCC BY 4.0
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