Themes of continuity: Commentary on “The continuity and discontinuity between waking and dreaming: A Dialogue between Michael Schredl and Allan Hobson concerning the adequacy and completeness of these notions”

Article


Malinowski, J. and Horton, Caroline L. 2011. Themes of continuity: Commentary on “The continuity and discontinuity between waking and dreaming: A Dialogue between Michael Schredl and Allan Hobson concerning the adequacy and completeness of these notions”. International Journal of Dream Research. 4 (2), pp. 86-92.
AuthorsMalinowski, J. and Horton, Caroline L.
Abstract

Summary. Hobson and Schredl’s (2011) discussion on continuity and discontinuity between waking life and dreaming
raised important issues about the nature of continuity. We will address several of the points from the debate, drawing
on some preliminary data that has been collected investigating the nature of continuity between dreaming and waking.
The present commentary will address the following: factors that affect continuity; themes of continuity; the protoconsciousness
theory; ‘disguised’ continuity; discontinuity; and continuity of emotions. The findings presented will propose
that emotionality and metaphor are key aspects to continuity; that the continuity hypothesis and protoconsciousness
theory are complementary if one takes into account how dreams both reflect waking-life concerns and help the dreamer
to progress with them; and that it may be useful to try to identify and talk about types and gradations of continuity and
discontinuity, rather than simply continuity and discontinuity as two opposing concepts.

JournalInternational Journal of Dream Research
Journal citation4 (2), pp. 86-92
ISSN1866-7953
Year2011
PublisherUniversitats-Bibliothek Heidelberg
Publisher's version
License
CC BY
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.11588/ijodr.2011.2.9149
Publication dates
Print01 Oct 2011
Publication process dates
Deposited09 Aug 2017
Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/86045

  • 5
    total views
  • 6
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month

Related outputs

The effects of dream rebound: Evidence for emotion-processing theories of dreaming
Malinowski, J., Carr, Michelle, Edwards, Christopher, Ingarfill, Anya and Pinto, Alexandra 2019. The effects of dream rebound: Evidence for emotion-processing theories of dreaming. Journal of Sleep Research.
Incorporation of recent waking-life experiences in dreams correlates with frontal theta activity in REM sleep
Eichenlaub, Jean-Baptiste, van Rijn, Elaine, Gaskell, M Gareth, Lewis, Penelope A, Maby, Emmanuel, Malinowski, J., Walker, Matthew P, Boy, Frederic and Blagrove, Mark 2018. Incorporation of recent waking-life experiences in dreams correlates with frontal theta activity in REM sleep. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 13 (6), pp. 637-647.
High thought suppressors dream more of their negative waking-life experiences than low thought suppressors.
Malinowski, J. 2017. High thought suppressors dream more of their negative waking-life experiences than low thought suppressors. Dreaming. 27 (4), pp. 269-277.
Daydreams incorporate recent waking life concerns but do not show delayed (‘dream-lag’) incorporations
van Rijn, Elaine, Reid, Alexander M., Edwards, Christopher L., Malinowski, J., Ruby, Perrine M., Eichenlaub, Jean-Baptiste and Blagrove, Mark T. 2017. Daydreams incorporate recent waking life concerns but do not show delayed (‘dream-lag’) incorporations. Consciousness and Cognition. 58, pp. 51-59.
Insight from the Consideration of REM dreams, Non-REM Dreams and Daydreams
Blagrove, Mark T., Edwards, Chris, van Rijn, Elaine, Reid, Alex, Malinowski, J., Bennett, Paul, Carr, Michelle, Eichenlaub, Jean-Baptiste, McGee, Shauna, Evans, Katie and Ruby, Perrine 2018. Insight from the Consideration of REM dreams, Non-REM Dreams and Daydreams. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. 6 (2), pp. 138-162.
Memory sources of dreams: the incorporation of autobiographical rather than episodic experiences
Malinowski, J. and Horton, Caroline L. 2014. Memory sources of dreams: the incorporation of autobiographical rather than episodic experiences. Journal of Sleep Research. 23 (4), pp. 441-447.
Evidence for the preferential incorporation of emotional waking-life experiences into dreams.
Malinowski, J. and Horton, Caroline L. 2014. Evidence for the preferential incorporation of emotional waking-life experiences into dreams. Dreaming. 24 (1), pp. 18-31.
Experiencing “continuity”: A qualitative investigation of waking life in dreams.
Malinowski, J., Fylan, Fiona and Horton, Caroline L. 2014. Experiencing “continuity”: A qualitative investigation of waking life in dreams. Dreaming. 24 (3), pp. 161-175.
The effect of time of night on wake–dream continuity.
Malinowski, J. and Horton, Caroline L. 2014. The effect of time of night on wake–dream continuity. Dreaming. 24 (4), pp. 253-269.
The dream-lag effect: Selective processing of personally significant events during Rapid Eye Movement sleep, but not during Slow Wave Sleep
van Rijn, E., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Lewis, P.A., Walker, M.P., Gaskell, M.G., Malinowski, J. and Blagrove, M. 2015. The dream-lag effect: Selective processing of personally significant events during Rapid Eye Movement sleep, but not during Slow Wave Sleep. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 122, pp. 98-109.
Metaphor and hyperassociativity: the imagination mechanisms behind emotion assimilation in sleep and dreaming
Malinowski, J. and Horton, Caroline L. 2015. Metaphor and hyperassociativity: the imagination mechanisms behind emotion assimilation in sleep and dreaming. Frontiers in Psychology. 6 (1132).
Dreaming and personality: Wake-dream continuity, thought suppression, and the Big Five Inventory
Malinowski, J. 2015. Dreaming and personality: Wake-dream continuity, thought suppression, and the Big Five Inventory. Consciousness and Cognition. 38, pp. 9-15.
Themes in participants’ understandings of meaning in their Most Recent Dreams: Worries, relationships, and symbolism
Malinowski, J. 2016. Themes in participants’ understandings of meaning in their Most Recent Dreams: Worries, relationships, and symbolism. International Journal of Dream Research. 9 (2), pp. 115-123.
An investigation of a dual-processing hypothesis of lucid dreaming
Rizea, Andreea and Malinowski, J. 2017. An investigation of a dual-processing hypothesis of lucid dreaming. International Journal of Dream Research. 10 (1), pp. 15-22.
Re-defining discontinuity: Implications for the functions of dreaming
Horton, Caroline L. and Malinowski, J. 2011. Re-defining discontinuity: Implications for the functions of dreaming. International Journal of Dream Research. 4 (2), pp. 78-80.
Dreaming and insight
Edwards, Christopher L., Ruby, Perrine M., Malinowski, J., Bennett, Paul D. and Blagrove, Mark T. 2013. Dreaming and insight. Frontiers in Psychology. 4 (979).
Comparing personal insight gains due to consideration of a recent dream and consideration of a recent event using the Ullman and Schredl dream group methods
Edwards, Christopher L., Malinowski, J., McGee, Shauna L., Bennett, Paul D., Ruby, Perrine M. and Blagrove, Mark T. 2015. Comparing personal insight gains due to consideration of a recent dream and consideration of a recent event using the Ullman and Schredl dream group methods. Frontiers in Psychology. 6, p. Art. 831.
Autobiographical memory and hyperassociativity in the dreaming brain: implications for memory consolidation in sleep
Horton, Caroline L. and Malinowski, J. 2015. Autobiographical memory and hyperassociativity in the dreaming brain: implications for memory consolidation in sleep. Frontiers in Psychology. 6, p. Art. 874.