Memory sources of dreams: the incorporation of autobiographical rather than episodic experiences
Malinowski, J. and Horton, Caroline L. 2014. Memory sources of dreams: the incorporation of autobiographical rather than episodic experiences. Journal of Sleep Research. 23 (4), pp. 441-447.
|Authors||Malinowski, J. and Horton, Caroline L.|
The present study aimed to explore autobiographical memories (long-lasting memories about the self) and episodic memories (memories about discrete episodes or events) within dream content. We adapted earlier episodic memory study paradigms and reinvestigated the incorporation of episodic memory sources into dreams, operationalizing episodic memory as featuring autonoetic consciousness, which is the feeling of truly re-experiencing or reliving a past event. Participants (n = 32) recorded daily diaries and dream diaries, and reported on wake–dream relations for 2 weeks. Using a new scale, dreams were rated for their episodic richness, which categorized memory sources of dreams as being truly episodic (featuring autonoetic consciousness), autobiographical (containing segregated features of experiences that pertained to waking life) or otherwise. Only one dream (0.5%) was found to contain an episodic memory. However, the majority of dreams (>80%) were found to contain low to moderate incorporations of autobiographical memory features. These findings demonstrate the inactivity of intact episodic memories, and emphasize the activity of autobiographical memory and processing within dreams. Taken together, this suggests that memories for personal experiences are experienced fragmentarily and selectively during dreaming, perhaps in order to assimilate these memories into the autobiographical memory schema.
|Journal||Journal of Sleep Research|
|Journal citation||23 (4), pp. 441-447|
|Publisher||Wiley for European Sleep Research Society|
|Accepted author manuscript|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1111/jsr.12134|
|Web address (URL)||https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12134|
|19 Feb 2014|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||09 Aug 2017|
|Copyright information||© 2014 Wiley This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Malinowski, J. E. & Horton, C. L., 2014, Memory sources of dreams: the incorporation of autobiographical rather than episodic experiences, 23(4): 441-447, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12134. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.|
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