Characterization of controlled gamblers and pathological gamblers using the social representation theory

Article


Lemoine, J., Kmiec, R. and Roland-Lévy, C. 2016. Characterization of controlled gamblers and pathological gamblers using the social representation theory. Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée. 67 (1), pp. 13-23.
AuthorsLemoine, J., Kmiec, R. and Roland-Lévy, C.
Abstract

Introduction

In industrialized countries, gambling disorder tends to become a major issue. The use of the social representation theory provides clues for a better understanding of pathological gamblers.
Objective

This paper investigates the representation of risk in a gambling context among lay people (Study 1) and among controlled gamblers and probable pathological gamblers (Study 2).
Method

In the first study, 1106 people answered a free association task based on the target expression ‘risk in a gambling context’. In the second study, a small sample of gamblers, half of them being probable pathological gamblers (based on their score at the SOGS), participated in a semi-structured interview about risk in a gambling context. Interview guidelines were constructed based on the results obtained from Study 1.
Results

In Study 1, results indicate that the overall representation of risk in a gambling context differs from the one in a general context. The results are interpreted through the prospect theory and the decision-making dual-process model. Results from Study 2 show that, contrarily to those being probable pathological gamblers, controlled gamblers orient their discourse around the notion of pleasure and do not perceive gambling as a threat for their ego.
Conclusion

Controlled gamblers fear to lose money, while probable pathological gamblers fear to lose the game.

JournalRevue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée
Journal citation67 (1), pp. 13-23
ISSN1162-9088
Year2016
PublisherElsevier Masson
Accepted author manuscript
License
Supplemental file
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.erap.2016.12.002
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erap.2016.12.002
Publication dates
Online30 Dec 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited06 Dec 2018
Accepted03 Dec 2016
Accepted03 Dec 2016
Copyright information© 2016 Elsevier
LicenseCC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/84xy3

  • 10
    total views
  • 59
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 4
    downloads this month

Related outputs

Trust and power as determinants of tax compliance across 44 nations
Batrancea, L., Nichita, A., Olsen, J., Kogler, C., Kirchler, E., Hoelzl, E., Weiss, A., Torgler, B., Fooken, J., Fuller, J., Schaffner, M., Banuri, S., Hassanein, M., Alarcón-García, G., Aldemir, C., Apostol, O., Bank Weinberg, D., Batrancea, I., Belianin, A., de Jesús Bello Gómez, F., Briguglio, M., Dermol, V., Doyle, E., Gcabo, R., Gong, B., Ennya, S., Essel-Anderson, A., Frecknall-Hughes, J., Hasanain, A., Hizen, Y., Huber, O., Kaplanoglou, G., Kudła, J., Lemoine, J., Leurcharusmee, S., Matthiasson, T., Mehta, S., Min, S., Naufal, G., Niskanen, M., Nordblom, K., Bağ ı ş Öztürk, E., Pacheco, L., Rapanos, V., Roland-Lévy, C., Maria Roux-Cesar, A., Salamzadeh, A., Savadori, L., Schei, V., Sharma, M., Summers, B., Suriya, K., Tran, Q., Villegas-Palacio, C., Visser, M., Xia, C., Yi, S. and Zukauskas, S. 2019. Trust and power as determinants of tax compliance across 44 nations. Journal of Economic Psychology.
Advanced Research Training Seminars 2018: A new ARTS model
Griffith, R., Lemoine, J., Caylor, J. R., Bigerton, K. and Milosevic, M. 2019. Advanced Research Training Seminars 2018: A new ARTS model. Applied Psychology Around the World. 1 (1), pp. 4-6.
Are taxpayers, who pay their taxes, all cooperative citizens?
Lemoine, J. and Roland-Levy, Christine 2013. Are taxpayers, who pay their taxes, all cooperative citizens? Citizenship Teaching & Learning. 8 (2), pp. 195-213.
Health and well-being at work: The hospital context
Roland-Lévy, C., Lemoine, J. and Jeoffrion, C. 2014. Health and well-being at work: The hospital context. Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée/European Review of Applied Psychology. 64 (2), pp. 53-62.
Financial Threat during the Economic Crisis: Connections with the Social Representation of the Economic Crisis and the Willingness to Act
Lemoine, J., Darriet, Elisa, Kmiec, Ruxanda and Roland-Lévy, Christine 2016. Financial Threat during the Economic Crisis: Connections with the Social Representation of the Economic Crisis and the Willingness to Act. International Review of Social Psychology. 29 (1), pp. 113-126.
The effect of the presence of an audience on risk-taking while gambling: the social shield
Lemoine, J. and Roland-Lévy, Christine 2017. The effect of the presence of an audience on risk-taking while gambling: the social shield. Social Influence. 12 (2-3), pp. 101-114.
Contribution d’une catégorisation des RPS à la prédiction du stress et du burnout (ou du mal-être au travail) des soignants
Lemoine, J., Roland-Lévy, C., Zaghouani, I. and Deschamps, F. 2017. Contribution d’une catégorisation des RPS à la prédiction du stress et du burnout (ou du mal-être au travail) des soignants. Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations. 23 (4), pp. 292-307.
Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 among adolescents and young adults in Danish, Portuguese, and Swedish
Lemoine, J., Konradsen, H., Lunde Jensen, A., Roland-Lévy, C., Ny, P., Khalaf, A. and Torres, S. 2018. Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 among adolescents and young adults in Danish, Portuguese, and Swedish. Body Image. 26, pp. 1-9.
The Power of Choice: A Study Protocol on How Identity Leadership Fosters Commitment Toward the Organization
Mascarenhas, Mafalda F., Dübbers, Felix, Hoszowska, Magdalena, Köseoğlu, Aylin, Karakasheva, Ralitsa, Topal, Ayse B., Izydorczyk, David and Lemoine, J. 2018. The Power of Choice: A Study Protocol on How Identity Leadership Fosters Commitment Toward the Organization. Frontiers in Psychology. 9, p. Art. 1677.
How is the economic crisis socially assessed?
Roland-Lévy, Christine, Kmiec, Ruxanda and Lemoine, J. 2016. How is the economic crisis socially assessed? Social Science Information. 55 (2), pp. 235-254.
Identity leadership going global: Validation of the Identity Leadership Inventory across 20 countries
van Dick, Rolf, Lemoine, J., Steffens, Niklas K., Kerschreiter, Rudolf, Akfirat, Serap Arslan, Avanzi, Lorenzo, Dumont, Kitty, Epitropaki, Olga, Fransen, Katrien, Giessner, Steffen, González, Roberto, Kark, Ronit, Lipponen, Jukka, Markovits, Yannis, Monzani, Lucas, Orosz, Gábor, Pandey, Diwakar, Roland-Lévy, Christine, Schuh, Sebastian, Sekiguchi, Tomoki, Song, Lynda Jiwen, Stouten, Jeroen, Tatachari, Srinivasan, Valdenegro, Daniel, van Bunderen, Lisanne, Vörös, Viktor, Wong, Sut I., Zhang, Xin-an and Haslam, S. Alexander 2018. Identity leadership going global: Validation of the Identity Leadership Inventory across 20 countries. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. 91 (4), pp. 697-728.