Life satisfaction in Europe and Iran: the role of self-esteem, gender identification and ambivalent sexism

Article


Rollero, C., Czepczor‑Bernat, K., Fedi, A., Boza, M., Brytek‑Matera, A., Lemoine, J., Sahlan, R. N., Wilson, E., De Piccoli, N. and Gattino, S. 2022. Life satisfaction in Europe and Iran: the role of self-esteem, gender identification and ambivalent sexism. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03381-8
AuthorsRollero, C., Czepczor‑Bernat, K., Fedi, A., Boza, M., Brytek‑Matera, A., Lemoine, J., Sahlan, R. N., Wilson, E., De Piccoli, N. and Gattino, S.
Abstract

Life satisfaction is one of the most relevant indicators of psychological health. The present study aimed at extending previous research on life satisfaction by examining its antecedents for men and women in five countries (e.g., Italy, Poland, Romania, the UK, and Iran), with different levels of gender equality, according to the Global Gender Gap Index. Besides traditional variables (i.e., age, self-esteem and income), we also investigated the role of ambivalent sexism and gender identification. Participants were 2561 adults (54% female). Results showed the key role of self-esteem for both men and women and across countries. Gender identification was positively associated with life satisfaction, with the only exception of the more gender egalitarian country, i.e., the UK. Furthermore, in the less egalitarian countries, i.e., Italy and Iran, life satisfaction is also positively related to benevolent stereotypes toward men. Taken together, findings underline the interdependence between personal and contextual dimensions in sustaining life satisfaction, and the role of gender as a significant variable in terms of both the existence of different patterns for men and women and the effects of gender stereotypes across cultures.

KeywordsLife satisfaction; Self-esteem; Gender identification; Ambivalent sexism; Culture
JournalCurrent Psychology
ISSN1936-4733
Year2022
PublisherSpringer
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03381-8
Publication dates
Online22 Jul 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted20 Jun 2022
Deposited05 Sep 2022
Copyright holder© 2022 The Authors
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