Improving Psychology Students’ Attitudes Toward People With Schizophrenia: A Quasi- Randomized Controlled Study.

Article


Magliano, Lorenza, Rinaldi, Angela, Costanzo, Regina, De Leo, Renata, Schioppa, Giustina, Petrillo, Miriam and Read, J. 2016. Improving Psychology Students’ Attitudes Toward People With Schizophrenia: A Quasi- Randomized Controlled Study. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 86 (3), pp. 253-264.
AuthorsMagliano, Lorenza, Rinaldi, Angela, Costanzo, Regina, De Leo, Renata, Schioppa, Giustina, Petrillo, Miriam and Read, J.
Abstract

Despite scientific evidence that the majority of People With Schizophrenia (PWS) have personal histories of
traumatic life events and adversities, their needs for psychological support often remain unmet. Poor availability
of non-pharmacological therapies in schizophrenia may be partly due to professionals’ attitudes toward people
diagnosed with this disorder. As future health professionals, psychology students represent a target population for
efforts to increase the probability that PWS will be offered effective psychological therapies. This quasirandomized
controlled study investigated the effect of an educational intervention, addressing common prejudices
via scientific evidence and pre-recorded audio-testimony from PWS, on the attitudes of psychology students
towards PWS. Students in their fifth year of a master’s degree in Psychology at the Second University of Naples,
Italy were randomly assigned to an experimental group – which attended two three-hour sessions a week apart -
– or to a control group. Compared to their baseline assessment, at one-month reassessment, the 76 educated
students endorsed more psychosocial causes and more of them recommended psychologists in the treatment of
schizophrenia. They were also more optimistic about recovery, less convinced that PWS are recognizable and
unpredictable and more convinced that treatments, pharmacological and psychological, are useful. No significant
changes were found, from baseline to one-month reassessment, in the 112 controls. At one-month reassessment,
educated students were more optimistic about recovery and less convinced that PWS are unpredictable than
controls. These findings suggest that psychology students’ attitudes toward PWS can be improved by training
initiatives including education and indirect contact with users.

JournalAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Journal citation86 (3), pp. 253-264
ISSN1939-0025
0002-9432
Year2016
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1037/ort0000161
Publication dates
Print10 Mar 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited13 May 2016
Copyright informationThis article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
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Read, J., Gibson, Kerry and Cartwright, Claire 2016. Do GPs and psychiatrists recommend alternatives when prescribing anti-depressants? Psychiatry Research. 246 (Dec.), pp. 838-840.
Long-term antidepressant use: patient perspectives of benefits and adverse effects
Cartwright, Claire, Gibson, Kerry, Read, J., Cowan, Ondria and Dehar, Tamsin 2016. Long-term antidepressant use: patient perspectives of benefits and adverse effects. Patient Preference and Adherence. 10, pp. 1401-1407.
Understanding the non-pharmacological correlates of self-reported efficacy of antidepressants
Read, J., Gibson, K., Cartwright, C., Shiels, C., Dowrick, C. and Gabbay, M. 2015. Understanding the non-pharmacological correlates of self-reported efficacy of antidepressants. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 131 (6), pp. 434-445.
Assessing and Reporting the Adverse Effects of Antipsychotic Medication: A Systematic Review of Clinical Studies, and Prospective, Retrospective, and Cross-Sectional Research
Longden, Eleanor and Read, J. 2016. Assessing and Reporting the Adverse Effects of Antipsychotic Medication: A Systematic Review of Clinical Studies, and Prospective, Retrospective, and Cross-Sectional Research. Clinical Neuropharmacology. 39 (1), pp. 29-39.
In search of an evidence-based role for psychiatry
Read, J., Runciman, Olga and Dillon, Jacqui 2016. In search of an evidence-based role for psychiatry. Future Science OA. 2 (1).
Social Adversity in the Etiology of Psychosis: A Review of the Evidence
Longden, Eleanor and Read, J. 2016. Social Adversity in the Etiology of Psychosis: A Review of the Evidence. American Journal of Psychotherapy. 70 (1), pp. 5-33.
‘In my life antidepressants have been…’: a qualitative analysis of users’ diverse experiences with antidepressants
Gibson, Kerry, Cartwright, Claire and Read, J. 2016. ‘In my life antidepressants have been…’: a qualitative analysis of users’ diverse experiences with antidepressants. BMC Psychiatry. 16 (1).
The Influence of Causal Explanations and Diagnostic Labeling on Psychology Students’ Beliefs About Treatments, Prognosis, Dangerousness and Unpredictability in Schizophrenia
Magliano, Lorenza, Read, J., Rinaldi, Angela, Costanzo, Regina, De Leo, Renata, Schioppa, Giustina and Petrillo, Miriam 2015. The Influence of Causal Explanations and Diagnostic Labeling on Psychology Students’ Beliefs About Treatments, Prognosis, Dangerousness and Unpredictability in Schizophrenia. Community Mental Health Journal. 52 (3), pp. 361-369.
Are mental health services getting better at responding to abuse, assault and neglect?
Read, J., Sampson, Maria and Critchley, Christine 2016. Are mental health services getting better at responding to abuse, assault and neglect? Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 134 (4), pp. 287-294.
Are older people prescribed antidepressants on the basis of fewer symptoms of depression, and for longer periods of time? A survey of 1825 New Zealanders
Read, J., Gibson, Kerry L and Cartwright, Claire 2016. Are older people prescribed antidepressants on the basis of fewer symptoms of depression, and for longer periods of time? A survey of 1825 New Zealanders. Australasian Journal on Ageing. 35 (3), pp. 193-197.
Are mental health staff getting better at asking about abuse andneglect?
Sampson, M. and Read, J. 2016. Are mental health staff getting better at asking about abuse andneglect? International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. 26 (1), pp. 95-104.