The Beliefs of Non-Psychiatric Doctors about the Causes, Treatments and Prognosis of Schizophrenia
Magliano, L., Citarelli, G. and Read, J. 2019. The Beliefs of Non-Psychiatric Doctors about the Causes, Treatments and Prognosis of Schizophrenia. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. 93 (4), pp. 674-689. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12252
|Authors||Magliano, L., Citarelli, G. and Read, J.|
To examine the causal beliefs about schizophrenia of non‐psychiatric doctors and whether differential belief in biogenetic vs. psychosocial causes influences doctors’ views about treatments and prognosis.
Design and methods
Three hundred and five non‐psychiatric doctors working in outpatient community centres completed the ‘Opinions on mental disorders Questionnaire’ after reading a clinical description of people with schizophrenia.
The factors most frequently reported as causes of schizophrenia were heredity (65.2%) and use of street drugs (54.1%). Seventy‐five per cent of participants endorsed both one or more biological causal factors and one or more psychosocial causal factors. Of the 264 participants who expressed their opinion about the most important cause of schizophrenia, 53.8% indicated a biogenetic cause. Fifty‐two per cent of respondents thought it ‘completely true’ that drugs are useful in schizophrenia, and 33.9% thought it ‘completely true’ that people with schizophrenia must take drugs all their life. Participants stating that the most important cause was biogenetic more frequently recommended a psychiatrist and less frequently a psychologist. Compared to doctors who indicated a psychosocial cause as the most important one, those who indicated a biogenetic cause were more sceptical about recovery, more confident in the usefulness of drugs, and more convinced of the need of lifelong pharmacological treatments in schizophrenia.
These findings suggest the need to provide some doctors with training on the multiple, interacting causes of schizophrenia and the efficacy of the broad range of available treatments. The education of health professionals regarding stigma and its effects on clinical practice is also needed.
|Journal||Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice|
|Journal citation||93 (4), pp. 674-689|
|Accepted author manuscript|
File Access Level
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12252|
|Online||09 Sep 2019|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||19 Aug 2019|
|Deposited||20 Aug 2019|
|Funder||University of Campania ‘Luigi Vanvitelli’|
|Copyright holder||© 2019 The British Psychological Society|
|Copyright information||This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Magliano, L., Citarelli, G., Read, J. (2019) 'The Beliefs of Non-Psychiatric Doctors about the Causes, Treatments and Prognosis of Schizophrenia',Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 93 (4) pp. 674-689, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12252. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.|
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