An Analysis of the Development of Modular Building Design Elements to Improve Thermal Performance of a Representative High Rise Residential Estate in the Coastline City of Famagusta, Cyprus
Altan, H. and Ozarisoy, B. 2022. An Analysis of the Development of Modular Building Design Elements to Improve Thermal Performance of a Representative High Rise Residential Estate in the Coastline City of Famagusta, Cyprus. Sustainability. 14 (Art. 4065). https://doi.org/10.3390/su14074065
|Authors||Altan, H. and Ozarisoy, B.|
Passive design strategies can reduce heating and cooling demands with integration of more efficient building systems as well as the potential to integrate modular off-site construction technology and its technical systems to offset overall energy consumption. This study evaluates the energy performance of the nationally representative post-war social housing estate in the southeastern Mediterranean island of Cyprus where the weather is subtropical (Csa) and partly semi-arid (Bsh). This study employed a mixed methods research design approach which was based on a thorough field study that consisted of a questionnaire survey conducted with residents of the social housing estate in the hottest summer month of August, to explore the occupants’ thermal sensation votes (TSVs), their habitual adaptive behaviour, and home energy performance concurrently. On-site environmental monitoring was performed, and in-situ measurements of each occupied space were recorded to identify ‘neutral’ adaptive thermal comfort. The selected representative high-rise residential development was modelled using Integrated Environmental Solutions’ Virtual Environment (IES-VE) software, where extensive dynamic thermal simulations have been produced to assess existing energy performance and energy effectiveness of retrofitting strategies. The results demonstrated that a moderate–strong relationship was found between orientation and reasons for thermal discomfort (χ2 = 49,327, p < 0.001, Cramer’s V = 0.405). Individual levels of thermal comfort were not limited to household socio-demographic characteristics, however; environmental factors were also determinants in the development of adaptive thermal-comfort theory. Furthermore, the occupants’ TSVs indicated that in a southeastern Mediterranean climate, 28.5 °C is considered a neutral temperature, and the upper limit of the indoor-air thermal-comfort range is 31.5 °C.
|Keywords||building performance optimisation; passive cooling design; retrofit energy design; thermal comfort|
|Journal citation||14 (Art. 4065)|
File Access Level
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.3390/su14074065|
|Online||29 Mar 2022|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||23 Mar 2022|
|Deposited||04 Apr 2022|
|Copyright holder||© 2022 Altan & Ozarisoy|
The work presented has the outcome of the self-funded PhD doctoral research project by the co-author of the paper. Dt. Serife Gurkan provided substantial financial sources to complete this research project at the University of East London – School of Architecture, Computing and Engineering, Graduate School, London, United Kingdom and she provided financial support to the author at the time of writing this research paper.
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