Cognitive Enhancement and Social Mobility: Skepticism from India

Article


Dasgupta, J., Lockwood Estrin, G., Summers, J. and Singh, I. 2022. Cognitive Enhancement and Social Mobility: Skepticism from India. AJOB Neuroscience. 14 (4), pp. 341-351. https://doi.org/10.1080/21507740.2022.2048723
AuthorsDasgupta, J., Lockwood Estrin, G., Summers, J. and Singh, I.
Abstract

Cognitive enhancement (CE) covers a broad spectrum of methods, including behavioral techniques, nootropic drugs, and neuromodulation interventions. However, research on their use in children has almost exclusively been carried out in high-income countries with limited understanding of how experts working with children view their use in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs). This study examines perceptions on cognitive enhancement, their techniques, neuroethical issues about their use from an LMICs perspective.

Seven Indian experts were purposively sampled for their expertise in bioethics, child development and child education. In-depth interviews were conducted using a semi-structured topic guide to examine (1) understanding of CE, (2) which approaches were viewed as cognitive enhancers, (3) attitudes toward different CE techniques and (4) neuroethical issues related to CE use within the Indian context. All interviews were audio recorded and transcribed before thematic analysis.

Findings indicate Indian experts view cognitive enhancement as a holistic positive impact on overall functioning and well-being, rather than improvement in specific cognitive abilities. Exogenous agents, and neuromodulation were viewed with skepticism, whereas behavioral approaches were viewed more favorably. Neuroethical concerns included equitable access to CE, limited scientific evidence and over-reliance on technology to address societal problems. This highlights the need for more contextually relevant neuroethics research in LMICs.

Journal AJOB Neuroscience
Journal citation14 (4), pp. 341-351
ISSN2150-7759
Year2022
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/21507740.2022.2048723
Publication dates
Online21 Mar 2022
Print02 Oct 2023
Publication process dates
Deposited10 Aug 2022
Copyright holder© 2022, The Author(s)
Additional information

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in AJOB Neuroscience on 21 Mar 2022, available at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/21507740.2022.2048723

Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/8qy62

Download files


Accepted author manuscript
Updated_NeurogeneManuscript_20.09.21.pdf
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
File access level: Anyone

  • 82
    total views
  • 91
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 13
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Mapping the link between socio-economic factors, autistic traits and mental health across different settings
Del Bianco, T., Lockwood Estrin, G., Tillmann, J., Oakley, B. F., Crawley, D., San José Cáceres, A., Hayward, H., Potter, M., Mackay, W., Smit, P., du Plessis, C., Brink, L., Springer, P., Odendaal, H., Charman, T., Banaschewski, T., Baron-Cohen, S., Bölte, S., Johnson, M., Murphy, D., Buitelaar, J., Loth, E., Jones, E. J. H. and The EU-AIMS LEAP Team 2024. Mapping the link between socio-economic factors, autistic traits and mental health across different settings. Autism. 28 (5), pp. 1280-1296. https://doi.org/10.1177/13623613231200297
Using mobile health technology to assess childhood autism in low-resource community settings in India: An innovation to address the detection gap
Dubey, I., Dasgupta, J., Bhavnani, S., Belmonte, M. K., Gliga, T., Mukherjee, D., Lockwood Estrin, G., Johnson, M. H., Chandran, S., Patel, V., Gulati, S., Divan, G. and Chakrabarti, B. 2024. Using mobile health technology to assess childhood autism in low-resource community settings in India: An innovation to address the detection gap. Autism. 28 (3), pp. 755-769. https://doi.org/10.1177/13623613231182801
Digital tools for direct assessment of autism risk during early childhood: A systematic review
Mukherjee, D., Bhavnani, S., Lockwood Estrin, G., Rao, V., Dasgupta, J., Irfan, H., Chakrabarti, B., Patel, V. and Belmonte, M. K. 2024. Digital tools for direct assessment of autism risk during early childhood: A systematic review. Autism. 28 (1), pp. 6-31. https://doi.org/10.1177/13623613221133176
Attention control in autism: Eye-tracking findings from pre-school children in a low- and middle-income country setting
Lockwood Estrin, G., Mason, L., Arora, R., Bhavnani, S., Dasgupta, J., Gulati, J., Gliga, T. and Johnson, M. H. 2024. Attention control in autism: Eye-tracking findings from pre-school children in a low- and middle-income country setting. Autism. 28 (1), pp. 43-57. https://doi.org/10.1177/13623613221149541
Diagnostic Assessment of Autism in Children Using Telehealth in a Global Context: a Systematic Review
Katakis, P., Lockwood Estrin, G., Wolstencroft, J., Sayani, S., Buckley, E., Mirzaei, V., Heys, M. and Skuse, D. 2023. Diagnostic Assessment of Autism in Children Using Telehealth in a Global Context: a Systematic Review. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders . In Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40489-023-00408-z
Gender (in)equity in global mental health research: A call to action
The Women in Global Mental Health Research Group and Rose-Clark, K. 2023. Gender (in)equity in global mental health research: A call to action. Transcultural Psychiatry. 60 (3), pp. 400-411. https://doi.org/10.1177/13634615231180376
Caregiver Perceptions of Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disabilities in New Delhi, India
Lockwood Estrin, G., Bhavnani, S., Arora, R., Gulati, S. and Divan, G. 2023. Caregiver Perceptions of Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disabilities in New Delhi, India. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 20 (7), p. 5291. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20075291
Homelessness in autistic women: Defining the research agenda
Lockwood Estrin, G., Aseervatham, V., De Barros, C. M., Chapple, T., Churchard, A., Harper, M., Jones, E. J. H., Mandy, W., Milner, V., O’Brien, S., Senju, A., Smith, C. and Smith, J. 2022. Homelessness in autistic women: Defining the research agenda. Women's Health. 18, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1177/17455057221141291
From the lab to the field: acceptability of using electroencephalography with Indian preschool children [version 1; peer review: 1 approved with reservations]
Lockwood Estrin, G., Bhavnani, S., Goodwin, A., Arora, R., Divan, G., Haartsen, R., Mason, L., Patel, V., Johnson, M. H. and Jones, E. J. H. 2022. From the lab to the field: acceptability of using electroencephalography with Indian preschool children [version 1; peer review: 1 approved with reservations]. Wellcome Open Research. 7 (99). https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.17334.1
Quantifying preference for social stimuli in young children using two tasks on a mobile platform
Dubey, I., Brett, S., Ruta, L., Bishain, R., Chandran, S., Bhavnani, S., Belmonte, M. K., Lockwood Estrin, G., Johnson, M., Gliga, T. and Chakrabarti, B. 2022. Quantifying preference for social stimuli in young children using two tasks on a mobile platform. PLoS ONE. 17 (Art. e0265587). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0265587