The perception of (naked only) bodies and faceless heads relies on holistic processing: Evidence from the inversion effect

Article


Bonemei, Rob, Costantino, Andrea I., Battistel, Ilenia and Rivolta, D. 2017. The perception of (naked only) bodies and faceless heads relies on holistic processing: Evidence from the inversion effect. British Journal of Psychology. 109 (2), pp. 232-243.
AuthorsBonemei, Rob, Costantino, Andrea I., Battistel, Ilenia and Rivolta, D.
Abstract

Faces and bodies are more difficult to perceive when presented inverted than when
presented upright (i.e., stimulus inversion effect), an effect that has been attributed to the
disruption of holistic processing. The features that can trigger holistic processing in faces
and bodies, however, still remain elusive. In this study, using a sequential matching task, we
tested whether stimulus inversion affects various categories of visual stimuli: faces,
faceless heads, faceless heads in body context, headless bodies naked, whole bodies
naked, headless bodies clothed, and whole bodies clothed. Both accuracy and inversion
efficiency score results show inversion effects for all categories but for clothed bodies
(with and without heads). In addition, the magnitude of the inversion effect for face, naked
body, and faceless heads was similar. Our findings demonstrate that the perception of
faces, faceless heads, and naked bodies relies on holistic processing. Clothed bodies (with
and without heads), on the other side, may trigger clothes-sensitive rather than bodysensitive
perceptual mechanisms.

JournalBritish Journal of Psychology
Journal citation109 (2), pp. 232-243
ISSN0007-1269
Year2017
PublisherWiley and The British Psychological Society
Accepted author manuscript
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/bjop.12271
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12271
Publication dates
Print21 Sep 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited04 Oct 2017
Accepted21 Sep 2017
Copyright information© 2017 The British Psychological Society. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Bonemei et. a., 2017, 'The perception of (naked only) bodies and faceless heads relies on holistic processing: Evidence from the inversion effect', British Journal of Psychology, 109 (2), pp. 232-243, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12271 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving
Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/84q56

  • 14
    total views
  • 57
    total downloads
  • 5
    views this month
  • 3
    downloads this month

Related outputs

The Effect of Lamotrigine and Levetiracetam on TMS-Evoked EEG Responses Depends on Stimulation Intensity
Premoli, Isabella, Costantini, Alyssa, Rivolta, D., Biondi, Andrea and Richardson, Mark P. 2017. The Effect of Lamotrigine and Levetiracetam on TMS-Evoked EEG Responses Depends on Stimulation Intensity. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 11, p. Art. 585.
Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) at 40 Hz enhances face and object perception
Gonzalez Perez, M., Wakui, E., Thoma, V., Nitsche, M. A. and Rivolta, D. 2019. Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) at 40 Hz enhances face and object perception. Neuropsychologia.
Anodal tDCS and High-Frequency tRNS Targeting the Occipitotemporal Cortex Do Not Always Enhance Face Perception
Willis, M. L., Costantino, A., Nitsche, M. A., Palermo, R. and Rivolta, D. 2019. Anodal tDCS and High-Frequency tRNS Targeting the Occipitotemporal Cortex Do Not Always Enhance Face Perception. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 13 (Art. 78).
Preliminary Evidence of “Other-Race Effect”-Like Behavior Induced by Cathodal-tDCS over the Right Occipital Cortex, in the Absence of Overall Effects on Face/Object Processing
Costantino, Andrea I., Titoni, Matilde, Bossi, Francesco, Premoli, Isabella, Nitsche, Michael A. and Rivolta, D. 2017. Preliminary Evidence of “Other-Race Effect”-Like Behavior Induced by Cathodal-tDCS over the Right Occipital Cortex, in the Absence of Overall Effects on Face/Object Processing. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 11, p. Art 661.
Neurophysiological Correlates of Featural and Spacing Processing for Face and Non-face Stimuli
Negrini, Marcello, Brkić, Diandra, Pizzamiglio, Sara, Premoli, Isabella and Rivolta, D. 2017. Neurophysiological Correlates of Featural and Spacing Processing for Face and Non-face Stimuli. Frontiers in Psychology. 8 (333).
MEG-measured visually induced gamma-band oscillations in chronic schizophrenia: Evidence for impaired generation of rhythmic activity in ventral stream regions
Grent-‘t-Jong, Tineke, Rivolta, D., Sauer, Andreas, Grube, Michael, Singer, Wolf, Wibral, Michael and Uhlhaas, Peter J. 2016. MEG-measured visually induced gamma-band oscillations in chronic schizophrenia: Evidence for impaired generation of rhythmic activity in ventral stream regions. Schizophrenia Research. 176 (2-3), pp. 177-185.
Face matching impairment in developmental prosopagnosia
White, David, Rivolta, D., Burton, A. Mike, Al-Janabi, Shahd and Palermo, Romina 2016. Face matching impairment in developmental prosopagnosia. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 70 (2), pp. 287-297.
More than just a problem with faces: Altered body perception in a group of congenital prosopagnosics
Rivolta, D., Lawson, Rebecca P. and Palermo, Romina 2016. More than just a problem with faces: Altered body perception in a group of congenital prosopagnosics. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 70 (2), pp. 276-286.
Do people have insight into their face recognition abilities?
Palermo, Romina, Rossion, Bruno, Rhodes, Gillian, Laguesse, Renaud, Tez, Tolga, Hall, Bronwyn, Albonico, Andrea, Malaspina, Manuela, Daini, Roberta, Irons, Jessica, Al-Janabi, Shahd, Taylor, Libby C., Rivolta, D. and McKone, Elinor 2016. Do people have insight into their face recognition abilities? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 70 (2), pp. 218-233.
Editorial: Facing the Other: Novel Theories and Methods in Face Perception Research
Rivolta, D., Puce, Aina and Williams, Mark A. 2016. Editorial: Facing the Other: Novel Theories and Methods in Face Perception Research. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 10.
TMS-EEG Signatures of GABAergic Neurotransmission in the Human Cortex
Premoli, I., Castellanos, N., Rivolta, D., Belardinelli, P., Bajo, R., Zipser, C., Espenhahn, S., Heidegger, T., Muller-Dahlhaus, F. and Ziemann, U. 2014. TMS-EEG Signatures of GABAergic Neurotransmission in the Human Cortex. Journal of Neuroscience. 34 (16), pp. 5603-5612.
Anodal-tDCS over the human right occipital cortex enhances the perception and memory of both faces and objects
Barbieri, Marica, Negrini, Marcello, Nitsche, Michael A. and Rivolta, D. 2015. Anodal-tDCS over the human right occipital cortex enhances the perception and memory of both faces and objects. Neuropsychologia. 81 (29 Jan), pp. 238-244.
Lamotrigine and levetiracetam exert a similar modulation of TMS-evoked EEG potentials
Premoli, Isabella, Biondi, Andrea, Carlesso, Sara, Rivolta, D. and Richardson, Mark P. 2016. Lamotrigine and levetiracetam exert a similar modulation of TMS-evoked EEG potentials. Epilepsia. 58 (1), pp. 42-50.
Source-Reconstruction of Event-Related Fields Reveals Hyperfunction and Hypofunction of Cortical Circuits in Antipsychotic-Naive, First-Episode Schizophrenia Patients during Mooney Face Processing
Rivolta, D., Castellanos, N. P., Stawowsky, C., Helbling, S., Wibral, M., Grutzner, C., Koethe, D., Birkner, K., Kranaster, L., Enning, F., Singer, W., Leweke, F. M. and Uhlhaas, P. J. 2014. Source-Reconstruction of Event-Related Fields Reveals Hyperfunction and Hypofunction of Cortical Circuits in Antipsychotic-Naive, First-Episode Schizophrenia Patients during Mooney Face Processing. Journal of Neuroscience. 34 (17), pp. 5909-5917.
Ketamine Dysregulates the Amplitude and Connectivity of High-Frequency Oscillations in Cortical-Subcortical Networks in Humans: Evidence From Resting-State Magnetoencephalography-Recordings
Rivolta, D., Heidegger, T., Scheller, B., Sauer, A., Schaum, M., Birkner, K., Singer, W., Wibral, M. and Uhlhaas, P. J. 2015. Ketamine Dysregulates the Amplitude and Connectivity of High-Frequency Oscillations in Cortical-Subcortical Networks in Humans: Evidence From Resting-State Magnetoencephalography-Recordings. Schizophrenia Bulletin.
Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) reveals abnormal fMRI activity in both the 'core' and 'extended' face network in congenital prosopagnosia
Rivolta, D., Woolgar, Alexandra, Palermo, Romina, Butko, Marina, Schmalzl, Laura and Williams, Mark A. 2014. Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) reveals abnormal fMRI activity in both the 'core' and 'extended' face network in congenital prosopagnosia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8 (925).
Using hypnosis to disrupt face processing: mirrored-self misidentification delusion and different visual media
Connors, Michael H., Barnier, Amanda J., Coltheart, Max, Langdon, Robyn, Cox, Rochelle E., Rivolta, D. and Halligan, Peter W. 2014. Using hypnosis to disrupt face processing: mirrored-self misidentification delusion and different visual media. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8 (361).
Characterization of GABAB-receptor mediated neurotransmission in the human cortex by paired-pulse TMS–EEG
Premoli, Isabella, Rivolta, D., Espenhahn, Svenja, Castellanos, Nazareth, Belardinelli, Paolo, Ziemann, Ulf and Müller-Dahlhaus, Florian 2014. Characterization of GABAB-receptor mediated neurotransmission in the human cortex by paired-pulse TMS–EEG. NeuroImage. 103 (Dec), pp. 152-162.