Do people have insight into their face recognition abilities?

Article


Palermo, Romina, Rossion, Bruno, Rhodes, Gillian, Laguesse, Renaud, Tez, Tolga, Hall, Bronwyn, Albonico, Andrea, Malaspina, Manuela, Daini, Roberta, Irons, Jessica, Al-Janabi, Shahd, Taylor, Libby C., Rivolta, D. and McKone, Elinor 2016. Do people have insight into their face recognition abilities? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 70 (2), pp. 218-233.
AuthorsPalermo, Romina, Rossion, Bruno, Rhodes, Gillian, Laguesse, Renaud, Tez, Tolga, Hall, Bronwyn, Albonico, Andrea, Malaspina, Manuela, Daini, Roberta, Irons, Jessica, Al-Janabi, Shahd, Taylor, Libby C., Rivolta, D. and McKone, Elinor
Abstract

Diagnosis of developmental or congenital prosopagnosia (CP) involves self-report of
everyday face recognition difficulties, which are corroborated with poor performance on
behavioural tests. This approach requires accurate self-evaluation. We examine the extent to
which typical adults have insight into their face recognition abilities across four studies involving
nearly 300 participants. The studies used five tests of face recognition ability: two that tap into the
ability to learn and recognise previously unfamiliar faces (the Cambridge Face Memory Test,
CFMT, Duchaine & Nakayama, 2006 and a newly devised test based on the CFMT but where the
study phases involve watching short movies rather than viewing static faces – the CFMT-Films) and
three that tap face matching (Benton Facial Recognition Test, BFRT, Benton, Sivan, Hamsher,
Varney, & Spreen, 1983; and two recently devised sequential face matching tests). Self-reported
ability was measured with the 15-item Kennerknecht et al. (2008) questionnaire; two single-item
questions assessing face recognition ability; and a new 77-item meta-cognition questionnaire).
Overall, we find that adults with typical face recognition abilities have only modest insight into
their ability to recognise faces on behavioural tests. In a fifth study, we assess self-reported face
recognition ability in people with CP and find that some people who expect to perform poorly on
behavioural tests of face recognition do indeed perform poorly. However, it is not yet clear
whether individuals within this group of poor performers have greater levels of insight (i.e., into
their degree of impairment) than those with more typical levels of performance.

KeywordsFace perception; Self-evaluation; Prosopagnosia; Individual differences; Metacognition; Accuracy
JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Journal citation70 (2), pp. 218-233
ISSN1747-0218
1747-0226
Year2016
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1080/17470218.2016.1161058
Publication dates
Print23 Mar 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited02 Mar 2016
Accepted31 Jan 2016
FunderCentre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, Australian Research Council
Australian Research Council
Australian Research Council
Australian Research Council
Australian Research Council
European Research Council
Copyright informationThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology on 23 Mar 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17470218.2016.1161058
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