Using hypnosis to disrupt face processing: mirrored-self misidentification delusion and different visual media

Article


Connors, Michael H., Barnier, Amanda J., Coltheart, Max, Langdon, Robyn, Cox, Rochelle E., Rivolta, D. and Halligan, Peter W. 2014. Using hypnosis to disrupt face processing: mirrored-self misidentification delusion and different visual media. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8 (361).
AuthorsConnors, Michael H., Barnier, Amanda J., Coltheart, Max, Langdon, Robyn, Cox, Rochelle E., Rivolta, D. and Halligan, Peter W.
Abstract

Mirrored-self misidentification delusion is the belief that one’s reflection in the mirror is not oneself. This experiment used hypnotic suggestion to impair normal face processing in healthy participants and recreate key aspects of the delusion in the laboratory. From a pool of 439 participants, 22 high hypnotisable participants (“highs”) and 20 low hypnotisable participants were selected on the basis of their extreme scores on two separately administered measures of hypnotisability. These participants received a hypnotic induction and a suggestion for either impaired (i) self-face recognition or (ii) impaired recognition of all faces. Participants were tested on their ability to recognize themselves in a mirror and other visual media – including a photograph, live video, and handheld mirror – and their ability to recognize other people, including the experimenter and famous faces. Both suggestions produced impaired self-face recognition and recreated key aspects of the delusion in highs. However, only the suggestion for impaired other-face recognition disrupted recognition of other faces, albeit in a minority of highs. The findings confirm that hypnotic suggestion can disrupt face processing and recreate features of mirrored-self misidentification. The variability seen in participants’ responses also corresponds to the heterogeneity seen in clinical patients. An important direction for future research will be to examine sources of this variability within both clinical patients and the hypnotic model.

JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Journal citation8 (361)
ISSN1662-5161
Year2014
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
Publisher's version
License
CC BY
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00361
Publication dates
Online18 Jun 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited12 Mar 2015
Accepted11 Mar 2014
FunderAustralian Research Council
Neuronale Koordination Forschungsschwerpunkt Frankfurt
Copyright information© 2014 Connors, Barnier, Coltheart, Langdon, Cox, Rivolta and Halligan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/859q6

  • 5
    total views
  • 24
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 5
    downloads this month

Related outputs

The Effect of Lamotrigine and Levetiracetam on TMS-Evoked EEG Responses Depends on Stimulation Intensity
Premoli, Isabella, Costantini, Alyssa, Rivolta, D., Biondi, Andrea and Richardson, Mark P. 2017. The Effect of Lamotrigine and Levetiracetam on TMS-Evoked EEG Responses Depends on Stimulation Intensity. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 11, p. Art. 585.
Anodal tDCS and High-Frequency tRNS Targeting the Occipitotemporal Cortex Do Not Always Enhance Face Perception
Willis, M. L., Costantino, A., Nitsche, M. A., Palermo, R. and Rivolta, D. 2019. Anodal tDCS and High-Frequency tRNS Targeting the Occipitotemporal Cortex Do Not Always Enhance Face Perception. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 13 (Art. 78).
Preliminary Evidence of “Other-Race Effect”-Like Behavior Induced by Cathodal-tDCS over the Right Occipital Cortex, in the Absence of Overall Effects on Face/Object Processing
Costantino, Andrea I., Titoni, Matilde, Bossi, Francesco, Premoli, Isabella, Nitsche, Michael A. and Rivolta, D. 2017. Preliminary Evidence of “Other-Race Effect”-Like Behavior Induced by Cathodal-tDCS over the Right Occipital Cortex, in the Absence of Overall Effects on Face/Object Processing. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 11, p. Art 661.
Neurophysiological Correlates of Featural and Spacing Processing for Face and Non-face Stimuli
Negrini, Marcello, Brkić, Diandra, Pizzamiglio, Sara, Premoli, Isabella and Rivolta, D. 2017. Neurophysiological Correlates of Featural and Spacing Processing for Face and Non-face Stimuli. Frontiers in Psychology. 8 (333).
The perception of (naked only) bodies and faceless heads relies on holistic processing: Evidence from the inversion effect
Bonemei, Rob, Costantino, Andrea I., Battistel, Ilenia and Rivolta, D. 2017. The perception of (naked only) bodies and faceless heads relies on holistic processing: Evidence from the inversion effect. British Journal of Psychology. 109 (2), pp. 232-243.
MEG-measured visually induced gamma-band oscillations in chronic schizophrenia: Evidence for impaired generation of rhythmic activity in ventral stream regions
Grent-‘t-Jong, Tineke, Rivolta, D., Sauer, Andreas, Grube, Michael, Singer, Wolf, Wibral, Michael and Uhlhaas, Peter J. 2016. MEG-measured visually induced gamma-band oscillations in chronic schizophrenia: Evidence for impaired generation of rhythmic activity in ventral stream regions. Schizophrenia Research. 176 (2-3), pp. 177-185.
Face matching impairment in developmental prosopagnosia
White, David, Rivolta, D., Burton, A. Mike, Al-Janabi, Shahd and Palermo, Romina 2016. Face matching impairment in developmental prosopagnosia. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 70 (2), pp. 287-297.
More than just a problem with faces: Altered body perception in a group of congenital prosopagnosics
Rivolta, D., Lawson, Rebecca P. and Palermo, Romina 2016. More than just a problem with faces: Altered body perception in a group of congenital prosopagnosics. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 70 (2), pp. 276-286.
Do people have insight into their face recognition abilities?
Palermo, Romina, Rossion, Bruno, Rhodes, Gillian, Laguesse, Renaud, Tez, Tolga, Hall, Bronwyn, Albonico, Andrea, Malaspina, Manuela, Daini, Roberta, Irons, Jessica, Al-Janabi, Shahd, Taylor, Libby C., Rivolta, D. and McKone, Elinor 2016. Do people have insight into their face recognition abilities? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 70 (2), pp. 218-233.
Editorial: Facing the Other: Novel Theories and Methods in Face Perception Research
Rivolta, D., Puce, Aina and Williams, Mark A. 2016. Editorial: Facing the Other: Novel Theories and Methods in Face Perception Research. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 10.
TMS-EEG Signatures of GABAergic Neurotransmission in the Human Cortex
Premoli, I., Castellanos, N., Rivolta, D., Belardinelli, P., Bajo, R., Zipser, C., Espenhahn, S., Heidegger, T., Muller-Dahlhaus, F. and Ziemann, U. 2014. TMS-EEG Signatures of GABAergic Neurotransmission in the Human Cortex. Journal of Neuroscience. 34 (16), pp. 5603-5612.
Anodal-tDCS over the human right occipital cortex enhances the perception and memory of both faces and objects
Barbieri, Marica, Negrini, Marcello, Nitsche, Michael A. and Rivolta, D. 2015. Anodal-tDCS over the human right occipital cortex enhances the perception and memory of both faces and objects. Neuropsychologia. 81 (29 Jan), pp. 238-244.
Lamotrigine and levetiracetam exert a similar modulation of TMS-evoked EEG potentials
Premoli, Isabella, Biondi, Andrea, Carlesso, Sara, Rivolta, D. and Richardson, Mark P. 2016. Lamotrigine and levetiracetam exert a similar modulation of TMS-evoked EEG potentials. Epilepsia. 58 (1), pp. 42-50.
Source-Reconstruction of Event-Related Fields Reveals Hyperfunction and Hypofunction of Cortical Circuits in Antipsychotic-Naive, First-Episode Schizophrenia Patients during Mooney Face Processing
Rivolta, D., Castellanos, N. P., Stawowsky, C., Helbling, S., Wibral, M., Grutzner, C., Koethe, D., Birkner, K., Kranaster, L., Enning, F., Singer, W., Leweke, F. M. and Uhlhaas, P. J. 2014. Source-Reconstruction of Event-Related Fields Reveals Hyperfunction and Hypofunction of Cortical Circuits in Antipsychotic-Naive, First-Episode Schizophrenia Patients during Mooney Face Processing. Journal of Neuroscience. 34 (17), pp. 5909-5917.
Ketamine Dysregulates the Amplitude and Connectivity of High-Frequency Oscillations in Cortical-Subcortical Networks in Humans: Evidence From Resting-State Magnetoencephalography-Recordings
Rivolta, D., Heidegger, T., Scheller, B., Sauer, A., Schaum, M., Birkner, K., Singer, W., Wibral, M. and Uhlhaas, P. J. 2015. Ketamine Dysregulates the Amplitude and Connectivity of High-Frequency Oscillations in Cortical-Subcortical Networks in Humans: Evidence From Resting-State Magnetoencephalography-Recordings. Schizophrenia Bulletin.
Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) reveals abnormal fMRI activity in both the 'core' and 'extended' face network in congenital prosopagnosia
Rivolta, D., Woolgar, Alexandra, Palermo, Romina, Butko, Marina, Schmalzl, Laura and Williams, Mark A. 2014. Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) reveals abnormal fMRI activity in both the 'core' and 'extended' face network in congenital prosopagnosia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8 (925).
Characterization of GABAB-receptor mediated neurotransmission in the human cortex by paired-pulse TMS–EEG
Premoli, Isabella, Rivolta, D., Espenhahn, Svenja, Castellanos, Nazareth, Belardinelli, Paolo, Ziemann, Ulf and Müller-Dahlhaus, Florian 2014. Characterization of GABAB-receptor mediated neurotransmission in the human cortex by paired-pulse TMS–EEG. NeuroImage. 103 (Dec), pp. 152-162.