Face matching impairment in developmental prosopagnosia

Article


White, David, Rivolta, D., Burton, A. Mike, Al-Janabi, Shahd and Palermo, Romina 2016. Face matching impairment in developmental prosopagnosia. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 70 (2), pp. 287-297.
AuthorsWhite, David, Rivolta, D., Burton, A. Mike, Al-Janabi, Shahd and Palermo, Romina
Abstract

Developmental prosopagnosia (DP) is commonly referred to as ‘face blindness’, a term that implies a perceptual basis to the condition. However, DP presents as a deficit in face recognition and is diagnosed using memory-based tasks. Here, we test face identification ability in six people with DP, who are severely impaired on face memory tasks, using tasks that do not rely on memory. First, we compared DP to control participants on a standardised test of unfamiliar face matching using facial images taken on the same day and under standardised studio conditions (Glasgow Face Matching Test; GFMT). DP participants did not differ from normative accuracy scores on the GFMT. Second, we tested face matching performance on a test created using images that were sourced from the Internet and so vary substantially due to changes in viewing conditions and in a person’s appearance (Local Heroes Test; LHT). DP participants show significantly poorer matching accuracy on the LHT relative to control participants, for both unfamiliar and familiar face matching. Interestingly, this deficit is specific to ‘match’ trials, suggesting that people with DP may have particular difficulty in matching images of the same person that contain natural day-to-day variations in appearance. We discuss these results in the broader context of individual differences in face matching ability.

JournalThe Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Journal citation70 (2), pp. 287-297
ISSN1747-0226
1747-0218
Year2016
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Accepted author manuscript
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1080/17470218.2016.1173076
Publication dates
Print04 Apr 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited13 Apr 2016
Accepted18 Mar 2016
FunderAustralian Research Council
Australian Research Council
Economic and Social Research Council
Australian Research Council
Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, Australian Research Council
Copyright informationThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology on 04.04.16, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17470218.2016.1173076
Additional information

Accepted author version posted online: 04 Apr 2016, Published online: 22 Apr 2016

LicenseAll rights reserved (under embargo)
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https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/8518x

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