Regulatory T Cell Extracellular Vesicles Modify T-Effector Cell Cytokine Production and Protect Against Human Skin Allograft Damage

Article


Tung, S. L., Fanelli, G., Matthews, R. I., Bazoer, J., Letizia, M., Vizcay-Barrena, G., Faruqu, F. N., Philippeos, C., Hannen, R., Al-Jamal, K. T., Smyth, L. and Lombardi, G. 2020. Regulatory T Cell Extracellular Vesicles Modify T-Effector Cell Cytokine Production and Protect Against Human Skin Allograft Damage. Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology. 8 (Art. 317).
AuthorsTung, S. L., Fanelli, G., Matthews, R. I., Bazoer, J., Letizia, M., Vizcay-Barrena, G., Faruqu, F. N., Philippeos, C., Hannen, R., Al-Jamal, K. T., Smyth, L. and Lombardi, G.
Abstract

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are a subpopulation of CD4⁺ T cells with a fundamental role in maintaining immune homeostasis and inhibiting unwanted immune responses using several different mechanisms. Recently, the intercellular transfer of molecules between Tregs and their target cells has been shown via trogocytosis and the release of small extracellular vesicles (sEVs). In this study, CD4⁺CD25⁺CD127ˡᵒ human Tregs were found to produce sEVs capable of inhibiting the proliferation of effector T cells (Teffs) in a dose dependent manner. These vesicles also modified the cytokine profile of Teffs leading to an increase in the production of IL-4 and IL-10 whilst simultaneously decreasing the levels of IL-6, IL-2, and IFNγ. MicroRNAs found enriched in the Treg EVs were indirectly linked to the changes in the cytokine profile observed. In a humanized mouse skin transplant model, human Treg derived EVs inhibited alloimmune-mediated skin tissue damage by limiting immune cell infiltration. Taken together, Treg sEVs may represent an exciting cell-free therapy to promote transplant survival.

JournalFrontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Journal citation8 (Art. 317)
ISSN2296-634X
Year2020
PublisherFrontiers Media
Publisher's version
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Anyone
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File Access Level
Anyone
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.3389/fcell.2020.00317
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2020.00317
Publication dates
Online20 May 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted09 Apr 2020
Deposited20 May 2020
FunderRosetrees Trust
British Heart Foundation
National Institute for Health Research Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre
Copyright holder© 2020 The Authors
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