Face recognition and emotional valence: Processing without awareness by neurologically intact participants does not simulate covert recognition in prosopagnosia
Stone, A., Valentine, Tim and Davis, Rob 2001. Face recognition and emotional valence: Processing without awareness by neurologically intact participants does not simulate covert recognition in prosopagnosia. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience. 1 (2), pp. 183-191.
|Authors||Stone, A., Valentine, Tim and Davis, Rob|
Covert face recognition in neurologically intact participants was investigated with the use of very brief stimulus presentation to prevent awareness of the stimulus. In Experiment 1, skin conductance response (SCR) to photographs of celebrity and unfamiliar faces was recorded; the faces were displayed for 220 msec and for 17 msec in a within-participants design. SCR to faces presented for 220 msec was larger and more likely to occur with familiar faces than with unfamiliar faces. Face familiarity did not affect the SCR to faces presented for 17 msec. SCR was larger for faces of good than evil celebrities presented for 17 msec, but valence did not affect SCR to faces displayed for 220 msec. In Experiment 2, associative priming was found in a face familiarity decision task when the prime face was displayed for 220 msec, but no facilitation occurred when primes were presented for 17 msec. In Experiment 3, participants were able to differentiate evil and good faces presented without awareness in a two-alternative forced-choice decision. The results provide no evidence of familiarity detection outside awareness in normal participants and suggest that, contrary to previous research, very brief presentation to neurologically intact participants is not a useful model for the types of covert recognition found in prosopagnosia. However, a response based on affective valence appears to be available from brief presentation.
|Keywords||face recognition; stimulus presentation; prosopagnosia; celebrity faces; memory; neuropsychology|
|Journal||Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience|
|Journal citation||1 (2), pp. 183-191|
|Accepted author manuscript|
|Web address (URL)||http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/CABN.1.2.183|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||12 Apr 2011|
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