Facial disfigurement, categorical perception, and the influence of Disgust Sensitivity
Stone, A. 2021. Facial disfigurement, categorical perception, and the influence of Disgust Sensitivity. Visual Cognition. 29 (2), pp. 73-90. https://doi.org/10.1080/13506285.2020.1870184
Previous research supports the categorical perception of faces on dimensions including emotion, identity, and gender. Two experiments using standard paradigms investigated whether facial disfigurement forms another perceptual category. In the Identification task, faces were presented in varying degrees of disfigurement for a simple disfigured / non-disfigured decision. As degree of disfigurement increased, the percentage of participants defining each image as disfigured increased non-linearly such that a cubic curve provided the best fit to the data, consistent with categorical perception (Experiment 1 and 2). In the ABX task, participants displayed superior discrimination between two faces when they crossed the category boundary between non-disfigured and disfigured (Experiment 1 and participants low in Disgust Sensitivity in Experiment 2). Participants high in Disgust Sensitivity (Experiment 2) showed a pattern that suggested the category boundary was shifted towards earlier perception of disfigurement. Overall, the results suggest categorical perception of facial disfigurement.
|Journal citation||29 (2), pp. 73-90|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis (Routledge)|
|Accepted author manuscript|
File Access Level
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1080/13506285.2020.1870184|
|Online||12 Jan 2021|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||23 Dec 2020|
|Deposited||26 Jan 2021|
|Copyright holder||© 2021 Taylor & Francis|
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Visual Cognition on 12 Jan 2021, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13506285.2020.1870184.
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