Energy Consumption Behaviour in Historical Churches

Conference paper


Hashemi, A., Dragu, I. D., Talbot, R., Greenfield, D., Arbuthnot, E., Ashton, P. and Picco, M. 2022. Energy Consumption Behaviour in Historical Churches. ZEMCH 2022: 9th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference. Bangalore, IN 03 - 05 Nov 2022 ZEMCH Network.
AuthorsHashemi, A., Dragu, I. D., Talbot, R., Greenfield, D., Arbuthnot, E., Ashton, P. and Picco, M.
TypeConference paper
Abstract

The historical buildings are being categorized under low thermal comfort because of their primary construction materials and their architecture, requiring a large volume of air to heat to achieve the human comfort levels required today. The existing problems within the historical churches are increasing, destroying not just the cultural heritage, but also affecting the health of people using the building, raising environmental concerns and pushing the occupants to find solutions for heating and ventilation of the spaces for reaching the minimum thermal comfort while, at the same time, carrying for the preservation of history. As the Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 does not apply to protected buildings, due to their heritage, or to any buildings used as a place of worship, the case study church building of Saint Mary de Haura from Shoreham-by-Sea was chosen to be monitored closely using data loggers, measuring temperature and humidity for a year, after which the temperatures were assessed and compared with the actual thermal comfort standards CIBSE TM52 and CIBSE Guide A. The achieved results demonstrate that the church’s indoor environment is found most of the time cooler than minimum thermal standards accepted, which place the church in searching position for finding a solution to achieve at least the minimum indoor environment required.

Year2022
ConferenceZEMCH 2022: 9th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference
PublisherZEMCH Network
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Repository staff only
Publication process dates
Accepted24 Aug 2022
Deposited11 Oct 2022
Journal citationp. In Press
ISSN2652-2926
Book titleZEMCH 2022: International Conference Proceedings
Web address (URL) of conference proceedingshttp://www.zemch.org/zemch_conference_proceedings
Copyright holder© 2022 The Authors
Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/8v282

  • 28
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Thermal Comfort and Energy Performance of Residential Buildings in Russia
Predescu, I., Hashemi, A., Scott-Whitby, A., Eames, G., Zabelina, S. A. and Zubkov, K. B. 2022. Thermal Comfort and Energy Performance of Residential Buildings in Russia. ZEMCH 2022: 9th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference. Bangalore, IN 03 - 05 Nov 2022 ZEMCH Network.
Energy Performance & Thermal Comfort in Office Buildings in Russia
Tran, D., Hashemi, A., Scott-Whitby, A., Eames, G., Zabelina, S. A. and Zubkov, K. B. 2022. Energy Performance & Thermal Comfort in Office Buildings in Russia. ZEMCH 2022: 9th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference. Bangalore, IN 03 - 05 Nov 2022 ZEMCH Network.
Enhancing Thermal Comfort in Converted Dwellings through Passive Design Strategies
Rotaru, M., Hashemi, A. and Predescu, I. M. 2022. Enhancing Thermal Comfort in Converted Dwellings through Passive Design Strategies. ZEMCH 2022: 9th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference. Bangalore, IN 03 - 05 Nov 2022 ZEMCH Network.
Analysis of greenhouse gas mitigation performance in UK urban areas
Butt, T., Mohareb, E., Egbor, K., Hashemi, A. and Heidrich, O. 2022. Analysis of greenhouse gas mitigation performance in UK urban areas. Carbon Management. 13 (1), pp. 463-481. https://doi.org/10.1080/17583004.2022.2120418
Historic Churches and Their Hygrothermal Environment: A Review of Criteria Related to Building Fabric, Artefacts, Artwork and Occupants
Talbot, R., Picco, M., Greenfield, D., Ashton, P., Arbuthnot, E. and Hashemi, A. 2022. Historic Churches and Their Hygrothermal Environment: A Review of Criteria Related to Building Fabric, Artefacts, Artwork and Occupants. Sustainability. 14 (Art. 7822). https://doi.org/10.3390/su14137822
Thermal comfort in traditional dwellings, a comparison between physical measurements and simulated data
Ficini, G., Hashemi, A., Senatore, A. and Zandi, S. 2021. Thermal comfort in traditional dwellings, a comparison between physical measurements and simulated data. ZEMCH 2021: 8th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference. Dubai, UAE 26 - 28 Oct 2021 ZEMCH Network.
Comparative performance analysis of Passivhaus and building regulation certified properties built in the United Kingdom
Serroukh, J. and Hashemi, A. 2021. Comparative performance analysis of Passivhaus and building regulation certified properties built in the United Kingdom. ZEMCH 2021: 8th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference. Dubai, UAE 26 - 28 Oct 2021 ZEMCH Network.
Exterior Refurbishment and Fire Safety Strategies for High-Rise Council Estates in the UK
Fahmi, G. and Hashemi, A. 2021. Exterior Refurbishment and Fire Safety Strategies for High-Rise Council Estates in the UK. ZEMCH 2021: 8th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference. Dubai, UAE 26 - 28 Oct 2021 ZEMCH Network.
Implementation of Passive House standards in the UK, a roadmap for the local authorities
Minihane, C. and Hashemi, A. 2021. Implementation of Passive House standards in the UK, a roadmap for the local authorities. ZEMCH 2021: 8th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference. Dubai, UAE 26 - 28 Oct 2021 ZEMCH Network.
Improving energy performance of the UK housing through the implementation of Passive House standards
Chapi, J., Hashemi, A., Senatore, A. and Zandi, S. 2021. Improving energy performance of the UK housing through the implementation of Passive House standards. ZEMCH 2021: 8th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference. Dubai, UAE 26 - 28 Oct 2021 ZEMCH Network.
Identifying Heating Technologies suitable for Historic Churches, Taking into Account Heating Strategy and Conservation through Pairwise Analysis
Talbot, R., Hashemi, A., Ashton, P. and Picco, M. 2021. Identifying Heating Technologies suitable for Historic Churches, Taking into Account Heating Strategy and Conservation through Pairwise Analysis. Cold Climate HVAC & Energy 2021. 20 - 21 Apr 2021 EDP Open. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202124607006
Comparative performance analysis of Vacuum Insulation Panels in thermal window shutters
Hashemi, A., Alam, M. and Ip, K. 2019. Comparative performance analysis of Vacuum Insulation Panels in thermal window shutters. Energy Procedia. 157, pp. 837-843. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2018.11.249
Assessment of solar shading strategies in low-income tropical housing: the case of Uganda
Hashemi, A. 2019. Assessment of solar shading strategies in low-income tropical housing: the case of Uganda. Proceedings of the ICE - Engineering Sustainability. 172 (6), pp. 293-301. https://doi.org/10.1680/jensu.17.00072
Integrating BIM with building performance analysis in project life-cycle
Jin, R., Zhong, B., Ma, L., Hashemi, A. and Ding, L. 2019. Integrating BIM with building performance analysis in project life-cycle. Automation in Construction. 106 (Art. 102861). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2019.102861
A Review of Thermal and Hygrothermal Requirements in Historic Churches
Talbot, R., Hashemi, A., Ip, K., Picco, M., Greenfield, D. and Arbuthnot, E. 2019. A Review of Thermal and Hygrothermal Requirements in Historic Churches. YRSB19 – IISBE Forum of Young Researchers in Sustainable Building 2019. Prague, Czech Republic 01 - 01 Jul 2019 Czech Technical University.
Potential and Impact of Incorporating Roof Photovoltaic to Enhance Environmental Sustainability of Historic English Churches in the United Kingdom
Khatri, S., Ip, K., Picco, M. and Hashemi, A. 2019. Potential and Impact of Incorporating Roof Photovoltaic to Enhance Environmental Sustainability of Historic English Churches in the United Kingdom. Central Europe towards Sustainable Building (CESB19). Prague, Czech Republic 02 - 04 Jul 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/290/1/012154
Reducing GHGs from UK Households ‐ An Examination of Local Authority‐Level Data
Butt, T., Mohareb, E. and Hashemi, A. 2019. Reducing GHGs from UK Households ‐ An Examination of Local Authority‐Level Data. ZEMCH 2019 International Conference. Seoul, South Korea 26 - 28 Nov 2019 ZEMCH Network.
Thermal Performance of Vacuum Insulated Window Shutter Systems
Hashemi, A., Alam, M. and Mohareb, E. 2019. Thermal Performance of Vacuum Insulated Window Shutter Systems. ZEMCH 2019 International Conference. Seoul, South Korea 26 - 28 Nov 2019 ZEMCH Network.
Effects of Natural Ventilation on Thermal Comfort in Low-income Tropical Housing
Hashemi, A. 2019. Effects of Natural Ventilation on Thermal Comfort in Low-income Tropical Housing. ZEMCH 2019 International Conference. Seoul, South Korea 26 - 28 Nov 2019 ZEMCH Network.
Thermal Comfort in Zero Energy Buildings
Pomfret, L. and Hashemi, A. 2017. Thermal Comfort in Zero Energy Buildings. Energy Procedia. 134, pp. 825-834. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.09.536
Retrofit Planning for the Performance Gap: Results of a Workshop on Addressing Energy, Health and Comfort Needs in a Protected Building
Mohareb, E., Hashemi, A., Shahrestani, M. and Sunikka-Blank, M. 2017. Retrofit Planning for the Performance Gap: Results of a Workshop on Addressing Energy, Health and Comfort Needs in a Protected Building. Energies. 10 (Art. 1177). https://doi.org/10.3390/en10081177
Improving Thermal Comfort of Low-Income Housing in Thailand through Passive Design Strategies
Bhikhoo, N., Hashemi, A. and Cruickshank, H. 2017. Improving Thermal Comfort of Low-Income Housing in Thailand through Passive Design Strategies. Sustainability. 9 (Art. 1440). https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081440
Improving Thermal Comfort and Indoor Air Quality through Minimal Interventions in Office Buildings
Khatami, N. and Hashemi, A. 2017. Improving Thermal Comfort and Indoor Air Quality through Minimal Interventions in Office Buildings. Energy Procedia. 111, pp. 171-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.019
Energy and low-income tropical housing in Tanzania
Coombs, B., Hashemi, A. and Cruickshank, H. 2017. Energy and low-income tropical housing in Tanzania. 5th International Conference on Zero Energy Mass Customised Housing - ZEMCH 2016. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 20 - 23 Dec 2016 ZEMCH Network.
Prefabrication in the UK housing construction industry
Alonso-Zandari, S. and Hashemi, A. 2017. Prefabrication in the UK housing construction industry. 5th International Conference on Zero Energy Mass Customised Housing - ZEMCH 2016. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 20 - 23 Dec 2016 ZEMCH Network.
Performance gap? energy, health and comfort needs in buildings
Hashemi, A., Sunikka-Blank, M., Mohareb, E., Vakhitova, T., Dantsiou, D., Ben, H. and Sharmin, T. 2017. Performance gap? energy, health and comfort needs in buildings. 5th International Conference on Zero Energy Mass Customised Housing - ZEMCH 2016. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 20 - 23 Dec 2016 ZEMCH Network.
Evaluating the thermal performance of low-income housing in Thailand
Bhikhoo, N., Hashemi, A. and Cruickshank, H. 2017. Evaluating the thermal performance of low-income housing in Thailand. 5th International Conference on Zero Energy Mass Customised Housing - ZEMCH 2016. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 20 - 23 Dec 2016 ZEMCH Network.
Transition in housing design and thermal comfort in rural Tanzania
Eyre, M., Hashemi, A., Cruickshank, H. and Jordan, M. 2017. Transition in housing design and thermal comfort in rural Tanzania. 5th International Conference on Zero Energy Mass Customised Housing - ZEMCH 2016. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 20 - 23 Dec 2016 ZEMCH Network.
Effects of thermal insulation on thermal comfort in low-income tropical housing
Hashemi, A. 2017. Effects of thermal insulation on thermal comfort in low-income tropical housing. Energy Procedia. 134, pp. 815-824. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.09.535
Effects of Solar Shading on Thermal Comfort in Low-income Tropical Housing
Hashemi, A. and Khatami, N. 2017. Effects of Solar Shading on Thermal Comfort in Low-income Tropical Housing. Energy Procedia. 111, pp. 235-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.025
Climate Resilient Low-Income Tropical Housing
Hashemi, A. 2016. Climate Resilient Low-Income Tropical Housing. Energies. 9 (Art. 468). https://doi.org/10.3390/en9060468
Building Performance and Simulation
Altan, H., Padovani, R. and Hashemi, A. 2016. Building Performance and Simulation. in: Noguchi, M. (ed.) ZEMCH: Toward the Delivery of Zero Energy Mass Custom Homes Springer. pp. 311-338
Zero Energy Homes
Aelenei, L., Frattari, A., Riscala, L., Altan, H., Hashemi, A., Tabet Aoul, K. A. and Noguchi, M. 2016. Zero Energy Homes. in: Noguchi, M. (ed.) ZEMCH: Toward the Delivery of Zero Energy Mass Custom Homes Springer. pp. 275-309
Prefabrication
Hashemi, A., Kim, U. K., Bell, P., Steinhardt, D., Manley, K. and Southcombe, M. 2016. Prefabrication. in: Noguchi, M. (ed.) ZEMCH: Toward the Delivery of Zero Energy Mass Custom Homes Springer. pp. 65-94
Guest Editorial Preface: Special Issue on Building Information Management (BIM) and Housing
Hashemi, A. 2015. Guest Editorial Preface: Special Issue on Building Information Management (BIM) and Housing. International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling. 4 (1), pp. iv-v.
Improving Thermal Comfort in Low-income Tropical Housing: The Case of Uganda
Hashemi, A., Cruickshank, H. and Cheshmehzangi, A. 2015. Improving Thermal Comfort in Low-income Tropical Housing: The Case of Uganda. ZEMCH 2015 International Conference. Bari & Lecce, Italy 21 - 25 Sep 2015 ZEMCH Network.
Feasibility of Application of Modern Methods of Construction in Iran
Hashemi, A., Noguchi, M. and Altan, H. 2015. Feasibility of Application of Modern Methods of Construction in Iran. ZEMCH 2015 International Conference. Bari & Lecce, Italy 21 - 25 Sep 2015 ZEMCH Network.
Embodied Energy of Fired Bricks: The Case of Uganda and Tanzania
Hashemi, A. and Cruickshank, H. 2015. Embodied Energy of Fired Bricks: The Case of Uganda and Tanzania. SET 2015: 14th International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies. Nottingham, UK 25 - 27 Aug 2015 University of Nottingham.
Delivering Sustainable Low-Income Housing in Uganda, Challenges and Opportunities
Hashemi, A. and Cruickshank, H. 2015. Delivering Sustainable Low-Income Housing in Uganda, Challenges and Opportunities. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development. 8 (10), pp. 47-60.
Environmental Impacts and Embodied Energy of Construction Methods and Materials in Low-Income Tropical Housing
Hashemi, A., Cruickshank, H. and Cheshmehzangi, A. 2015. Environmental Impacts and Embodied Energy of Construction Methods and Materials in Low-Income Tropical Housing. Sustainability. 7 (6), pp. 7866-7883. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7067866
Offsite Manufacturing: A Survey on the Current Status and Risks of Offsite Construction in Iran
Hashemi, A. 2015. Offsite Manufacturing: A Survey on the Current Status and Risks of Offsite Construction in Iran. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 9, pp. 141-152. https://doi.org/10.17265/1934-7359/2015.02.003
The Effects of Air Permeability, Background Ventilation and Lifestyle on Energy Performance, Indoor Air Quality and Risk of Condensation in Domestic Buildings
Hashemi, A. and Khatami, N. 2015. The Effects of Air Permeability, Background Ventilation and Lifestyle on Energy Performance, Indoor Air Quality and Risk of Condensation in Domestic Buildings. Sustainability. 7 (4), pp. 4022-4034. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7044022
Technical issues that affect the use of retrofit panel thermal shutters in commercial buildings
Hashemi, A. and Gage, S. 2014. Technical issues that affect the use of retrofit panel thermal shutters in commercial buildings. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology. 35 (1), pp. 6-22. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143624412462906
Offsite construction, a potential answer to the Iranian housing shortages
Hashemi, A. 2014. Offsite construction, a potential answer to the Iranian housing shortages. International Scientific Conference on Construction Technology and Management (CTM 2014). Bratislava, Slovakia 09 - 11 Sep 2014 Slovak University of Technology.
Mitigating the Risks of Offsite Manufacturing through the Application of BIM
Hashemi, A. 2014. Mitigating the Risks of Offsite Manufacturing through the Application of BIM. International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling. 3 (4), pp. 26-35. https://doi.org/10.4018/ij3dim.2014100102
Guest Editorial Preface: Special Issue on Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Housing
Hashemi, A. 2014. Guest Editorial Preface: Special Issue on Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Housing. International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling. 3 (4), pp. iv-v.
Daylighting and solar shading performances of an innovative automated reflective louvre system
Hashemi, A. 2014. Daylighting and solar shading performances of an innovative automated reflective louvre system. Energy and Buildings. 82, pp. 607-620. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.07.086
Effects of Manual and Automatic Natural Ventilation Control Strategies on Thermal Comfort, Indoor Air Quality and Energy Consumption
Khatami, N., Hashemi, A., Cook, M. and Firth, S. 2014. Effects of Manual and Automatic Natural Ventilation Control Strategies on Thermal Comfort, Indoor Air Quality and Energy Consumption. ZEMCH 2014 International Conference. Londrina, Brazil 04 - 06 Jun 2014 ZEMCH Network.
Assessing the Risks of Dampness and Mould Growth in Renovated Properties
Hashemi, A., Liyanage, C., Hadjri, K. and Khatami, N. 2014. Assessing the Risks of Dampness and Mould Growth in Renovated Properties. ZEMCH 2014 International Conference. Londrina, Brazil 04 - 06 Jun 2014 ZEMCH Network.
Code for Sustainable Homes: opportunities or threats for offsite manufacturing and mass-customization?
Hashemi, A. and Hadjri, K. 2013. Code for Sustainable Homes: opportunities or threats for offsite manufacturing and mass-customization? ZEMCH 2013 International Conference. Miami FL, USA 30 Oct - 01 Nov 2013 ZEMCH Network.
Review Of The UK Housing History in Relation to System Building
Hashemi, A. 2013. Review Of The UK Housing History in Relation to System Building. ALAM CIPTA: International Journal of Sustainable Tropical Design Research and Practice. 6 (1), pp. 47-58.