Implicit Mentalising during Level-1 Visual Perspective-Taking Indicated by Dissociation with Attention Orienting

Article


Gardner, M.R., Beleviciute, A.P. and Edmonds, C. 2018. Implicit Mentalising during Level-1 Visual Perspective-Taking Indicated by Dissociation with Attention Orienting. Vision. 2 (3).
AuthorsGardner, M.R., Beleviciute, A.P. and Edmonds, C.
Abstract

Experiments demonstrating level-1 visual perspective-taking have
been interpreted as providing important evidence for ‘implicit mentalising’—the ability to track simple mental states in a fast and efficient manner. However, this interpretation has been contested by a rival ‘submentalising’ account that proposes that these experiments can be explained by the general purpose mechanisms responsible for attentional orienting. Here, we aim to discriminate between these competing accounts by examining whether a gaze aversion manipulation expected to enhance attention orienting would have similar effects on both perspective-taking and attention orienting tasks. Gaze aversion was operationalised by manipulating head position relative to torso of the avatar figures employed in two experiments (gaze-averted vs. gaze-maintained). Experiment 1 used a Posner cueing task to establish that gaze aversion enhanced attention orienting cued by these avatars. Using the avatar task, Experiment 2 revealed level-1 visual perspective-taking effects of equivalent magnitude for gaze-averted and gaze-maintained conditions. These results indicate that gaze aversion moderated attention orienting but not perspective-taking. This dissociation in performance favours implicit mentalising by casting doubt on the submentalising account. It further constrains theorising by implying that attention orienting is not integral to the system permitting the relatively automatic tracking of mental states.

KeywordsSocial attention; attention orienting; visual perspective-taking; Theory of Mind; implicit mentalising
JournalVision
Journal citation2 (3)
ISSN2411-5150
Year2018
PublisherMDPI
Publisher's version
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.3390/vision2010003
Web address (URL)http://www.mdpi.com/2411-5150/2/1/3/pdf
Publication dates
Print20 Jan 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited23 Jan 2018
Accepted17 Jan 2018
Accepted17 Jan 2018
FunderExperimental Psychology Society
Copyright information© 2018 The authors
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