Misaligned and Polarity-Reversed Faces Determine Face-specific Capacity Limits

Article


Thoma, V., Ward, Neil and de Fockert, Jan W. 2016. Misaligned and Polarity-Reversed Faces Determine Face-specific Capacity Limits. Frontiers in Psychology. 7 (1470).
AuthorsThoma, V., Ward, Neil and de Fockert, Jan W.
Abstract

Previous research using flanker paradigms suggests that peripheral distracter faces are automatically processed when participants have to classify a single central familiar target face. These distracter interference effects disappear when the central task contains additional anonymous (non-target) faces that load the search for the face target, but not when the central task contains additional non-face stimuli, suggesting there are face-specific capacity limits in visual processing. Here we tested whether manipulating the format of non-target faces in the search task affected face-specific capacity limits. Experiment 1 replicated earlier findings that a distracter face is processed even in high load conditions when participants looked for a target name of a famous person among additional names (non-targets) in a central search array. Two further experiments show that when targets and non-targets were faces (instead of names), however, distracter interference was eliminated under high load—adding non-target faces to the search array exhausted processing capacity for peripheral faces. The novel finding was that replacing non-target faces with images that consisted of two horizontally misaligned face-parts reduced distracter processing. Similar results were found when the polarity of a non-target face image was reversed. These results indicate that face-specific capacity limits are not determined by the configural properties of face processing, but by face parts.

Keywordsattention; faceperception; perceptualload; capacitylimits; flankerparadigm; holisticprocessing; polarityreversal
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Journal citation7 (1470)
ISSN1664-1078
Year2016
PublisherFrontiers Media
Publisher's version
License
CC BY
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01470
Publication dates
Print27 Sep 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited04 Oct 2016
Accepted12 Sep 2016
Copyright information© 2016 Thoma, Ward and de Fockert. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission.
Permalink -

https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/84z7q

  • 12
    total views
  • 56
    total downloads
  • 4
    views this month
  • 6
    downloads this month

Related outputs

Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) at 40 Hz enhances face and object perception
Gonzalez Perez, M., Wakui, E., Thoma, V., Nitsche, M. A. and Rivolta, D. 2019. Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) at 40 Hz enhances face and object perception. Neuropsychologia.
Review: Non‐invasive brain stimulation in behavioral addictions: insights from direct comparisons with substance use disorders
Gomis Vicent, E., Thoma, V., Turner, J., Hill, K. P. and Pascual‐Leone, A. 2019. Review: Non‐invasive brain stimulation in behavioral addictions: insights from direct comparisons with substance use disorders. The American Journal on Addictions. 28 (6), pp. 431-454.
Thinking dispositions and cognitive reflection performance in schizotypy
Broyd, Annabel, Ettinger, Ulrich and Thoma, V. 2019. Thinking dispositions and cognitive reflection performance in schizotypy. Judgment and Decision Making. 14 (1), pp. 80-90.
Water supplementation after dehydration improves judgment and decision-making performance
Thoma, V. and Patsalos, Olivia C. 2019. Water supplementation after dehydration improves judgment and decision-making performance. Psychological Research.
Determinants for Successful Agile Collaboration between UX Designers and Software Developers in a Complex Organisation
Jones, Alexander and Thoma, V. 2019. Determinants for Successful Agile Collaboration between UX Designers and Software Developers in a Complex Organisation. International Journal of Human–Computer Interaction. 35 (20), pp. 1914-1935.
Exploring the relationship between grapheme colour-picking consistency and mental imagery
Spiller, M., Harkry, Lee, McCullagh, Fintan, Thoma, V. and Jonas, C. 2019. Exploring the relationship between grapheme colour-picking consistency and mental imagery. Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences. 374 (Art. 20190023).
Three-quarter views of depth-rotated faces induce face-specific capacity limits in visual search
Thoma, V. and de Fockert, Jan W. 2019. Three-quarter views of depth-rotated faces induce face-specific capacity limits in visual search. Experimental Psychology. 65 (6), pp. 360-369.
Behavioral biases in pension fund trustees’ decision-making
Weiss-Cohen, Leonardo, Ayton, Peter, Clacher, Iain and Thoma, V. 2018. Behavioral biases in pension fund trustees’ decision-making. Review of Behavioural Finance. 11 (2), pp. 128-143.
Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex enhances reflective judgment & decision-making
Edgcumbe, Daniel R., Thoma, V., Rivolta, Davide, Nitsche, Michael A. and Fu, C. 2018. Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex enhances reflective judgment & decision-making. Brain Stimulation. 12 (3), pp. 652-658.
View-sensitive ERP repetition effects indicate automatic holistic processing of spatially unattended objects
Wakui, E., Thoma, V. and de Fockert, Jan W. 2016. View-sensitive ERP repetition effects indicate automatic holistic processing of spatially unattended objects. Neuropsychologia. 89, pp. 426-436.
Reachability Does Not Explain the Middle Preference: A Comment on Bar-Hillel (2015)
Rodway, P., Schepman, A. and Thoma, V. 2016. Reachability Does Not Explain the Middle Preference: A Comment on Bar-Hillel (2015). i-Perception. 7 (2).
Event-related potential effects of object repetition depend on attention and part-whole configuration
Gosling, Angela, Thoma, V., Fockert, Jan W. De and Richardson-Klavehn, Alan 2016. Event-related potential effects of object repetition depend on attention and part-whole configuration. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 10 (478).
Looking behaviour and preference for artworks: The role of emotional valence and location
Kreplin, Ute, Thoma, V. and Rodway, Paul 2014. Looking behaviour and preference for artworks: The role of emotional valence and location. Acta Psychologica. 152, pp. 100-108.
Spatial attention enhances object coding in local and distributed representations of the lateral occipital complex
Guggenmos, Matthias, Thoma, V., Haynes, John-Dylan, Richardson-Klavehn, Alan, Cichy, Radoslaw Martin and Sterzer, Philipp 2015. Spatial attention enhances object coding in local and distributed representations of the lateral occipital complex. NeuroImage. 116, pp. 149-157.
Good Thinking or Gut Feeling? Cognitive Reflection and Intuition in Traders, Bankers and Financial Non-Experts
Thoma, V., White, Elliott, Panigrahi, Asha, Strowger, Vanessa and Anderson, I. 2015. Good Thinking or Gut Feeling? Cognitive Reflection and Intuition in Traders, Bankers and Financial Non-Experts. PLOS ONE. 10 (4), p. e0123202.
Priming of object detection under continuous flash suppression depends on attention but not on part-whole configuration
Stein, Timo, Thoma, V. and Sterzer, Philipp 2015. Priming of object detection under continuous flash suppression depends on attention but not on part-whole configuration. Journal of Vision. 15 (3), pp. 15-15.
Non-holistic coding of objects in lateral occipital complex with and without attention
Guggenmos, Matthias, Thoma, V., Cichy, Radoslaw Martin, Haynes, John-Dylan, Sterzer, Philipp and Richardson-Klavehn, Alan 2014. Non-holistic coding of objects in lateral occipital complex with and without attention. NeuroImage. 107, pp. 356-363.
Object representations in ventral and dorsal visual streams: fMRI repetition effects depend on attention and part–whole configuration
Thoma, V. and Henson, Richard N. 2011. Object representations in ventral and dorsal visual streams: fMRI repetition effects depend on attention and part–whole configuration. NeuroImage. 57 (2), pp. 513-525.
Face-specific capacity limits under perceptual load do not depend on holistic processing
Thoma, V. 2014. Face-specific capacity limits under perceptual load do not depend on holistic processing. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 21 (6), pp. 1473-1480.
The devil you know: The effect of brand recognition and product ratings on consumer choice
Thoma, V. and Williams, Alwyn 2013. The devil you know: The effect of brand recognition and product ratings on consumer choice. Judgment and Decision Making. 8 (1), pp. 34-44.
Perceptual load effects on processing distractor faces indicate face-specific capacity limits
Thoma, V. and Lavie, Nilli 2013. Perceptual load effects on processing distractor faces indicate face-specific capacity limits. Visual Cognition. 21 (8), pp. 1053-1076.
Good thinking or gut feeling? Decision-making style and rationality in traders, bankers and financial non-experts
Thoma, V. 2013. Good thinking or gut feeling? Decision-making style and rationality in traders, bankers and financial non-experts. UEL Research and Knowledge Exchange Conference 2013. University of East London, London 26 Jun 2013 London University of East London.
Evidence for holistic representations of ignored images and analytic representations of attended images
Thoma, V., Hummel, John E. and Jules, Davidoff 2004. Evidence for holistic representations of ignored images and analytic representations of attended images. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 30 (2), pp. 257-267.
Priming of depth-rotated objects depends on attention and part changes
Thoma, V. and Davidoff, J. 2006. Priming of depth-rotated objects depends on attention and part changes. Experimental Psychology. 53 (1), pp. 31-47.
Priming of plane-rotated objects depends on attention and view familiarity
Thoma, V., Davidoff, J. and Hummel, J.E. 2007. Priming of plane-rotated objects depends on attention and view familiarity. Visual Cognition. 15 (2), pp. 179-210.
Object representations in ventral and dorsal visual streams: fMRI repetition effects depend on attention and part–whole configuration
Thoma, V. and Henson, R.N. 2011. Object representations in ventral and dorsal visual streams: fMRI repetition effects depend on attention and part–whole configuration. NeuroImage. 57 (2), pp. 513-525.
The role of perceptual load in object recognition
Lavie, Nilli, Lin, Zhicheng, Zokaei, Nahid and Thoma, V. 2009. The role of perceptual load in object recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 35 (5), pp. 1346-1358.