Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex enhances reflective judgment & decision-making

Article


Edgcumbe, Daniel R., Thoma, V., Rivolta, Davide, Nitsche, Michael A. and Fu, C. 2018. Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex enhances reflective judgment & decision-making. Brain Stimulation. 12 (3), pp. 652-658.
AuthorsEdgcumbe, Daniel R., Thoma, V., Rivolta, Davide, Nitsche, Michael A. and Fu, C.
Abstract

Background: Accounts of cognitive processes in judgment and decision-making are frequently based on a dual-process framework, which reflects two qualitatively different types of processing: intuitive (Type 1) and analytical (Type 2) processes.
Objective/hypothesis: The present study investigated the effects of bilateral transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) on judgment and decision-making performance.
Methods: Participants received anodal tDCS stimulation to the right DLPFC, left DLPFC or sham. There were 3 tasks: vignettes measuring heuristic thinking, belief bias syllogisms, and the cognitive reflection test (CRT), a measure of the ability to inhibit automatic responses to reach a correct solution. Fifty-four participants (mean age = 24.63 + 4.46 years; 29 females) were recruited.
Results: Results showed that anodal tDCS to the right DLPFC was associated with an increase in cognitive reflection performance (Type 2 processing) as compared to left DLPFC and to sham. Logic thinking was reduced following anodal tDCS to the left DLPFC.
Conclusion: These findings are broadly consistent with a dual process framework, which cannot be explained by differences in cognitive ability and thinking style. The results demonstrate the involvement of the right DLPFC in cognitive reflection and suggest the possibility of improving cognitive performance through tDCS.

JournalBrain Stimulation
Journal citation12 (3), pp. 652-658
ISSN1935-861X
Year2018
PublisherElsevier
Accepted author manuscript
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.brs.2018.12.003
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2018.12.003
Publication dates
Online07 Dec 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited06 Dec 2018
Accepted05 Dec 2018
Accepted05 Dec 2018
Copyright information© 2018 Elsevier
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https://repository.uel.ac.uk/item/84569

Accepted author manuscript

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