Harms caused by China's 1906–17 opium suppression intervention

Article


Windle, J. 2013. Harms caused by China's 1906–17 opium suppression intervention. International Journal of Drug Policy. 24 (5), pp. 498-505.
AuthorsWindle, J.
Abstract

Between 1906 and 1917 China (under the Imperial and then Republican regimes) enacted a
highly effective intervention to suppress the production of opium. Evidence from British
Foreign Office records suggest that the intervention was centred, in many areas, upon a
highly repressive incarnation of law enforcement in which rural populations had their
property destroyed, their land confiscated and/or were publically tortured, humiliated and
executed. Crops were forcefully eradicated and resistance was often brutally suppressed by
the military. As few farmers received compensation or support for alternative livelihood
creation the intervention pushed many deeper into poverty. Importantly, the repressive nature
of the opium ban appears to have been a contributing factor to the fragmentation of China,
highlighting the counter-productivity of repressive interventions to reduce drug crop
production.

JournalInternational Journal of Drug Policy
Journal citation24 (5), pp. 498-505
ISSN09553959
Year2013
PublisherElsevier
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY
Web address (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2013.03.001
Publication dates
Print06 Apr 2013
Publication process dates
Deposited15 Jul 2015
Accepted04 Mar 2013
Copyright information© 2013 The author
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